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Understanding Congenital Heart Defects in Newborns: A Complete Guide For Parents

Not everyone is born with a perfect heart and some Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are among the most common types of birth defects, affecting approximately 1 in every 100 newborns all over the world. These defects often involve abnormalities in the structure of the heart or the major blood vessels near the heart, which can easily disrupt the normal flow of blood. Understanding CHDs is very crucial for early detection, prompt medical intervention, and better outcomes for challenged or affected infants. In this blog post, we’ll uncover various types of CHDs, how they are detected, some common symptoms, and available treatment options for the same.

Types of Congenital Heart Defects:

CHDs include a wide range of abnormalities, each affecting different parts of the heart. Some common types include the following:

1. Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD):

This defect involves a hole in the wall (septum) that separates the heart’s lower chambers (ventricles). VSDs can vary in size and severity and is often unique for all newborns with this medical condition.

2. Atrial Septal Defect (ASD):

In ASD, there is a hole in the wall that separates the heart’s upper chambers (atria). Like VSDs, ASDs can vary in size and severity and is unique to many newborns with heart abnormalities.

3. Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF):

TOF is a complex CHD which is characterized by four specific types of heart defects: a ventricular septal defect, pulmonary valve stenosis, overriding aorta, and right ventricular hypertrophy in newborns.

4. Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA):

In TGA, the positions of the pulmonary artery and the aorta switch places, leading to abnormal blood flow between the heart and the lungs which makes it difficult to oxygenate blood in the right amount.

5. Coarctation of the Aorta:

This defect involves a narrowing of the aorta which is the main artery responsible for carrying blood from the heart to the body, leading to decreased healthy blood flow to the body.

Detection of Congenital Heart Defects:

Most of the CHDs may be detected during pregnancy through routine prenatal screening, such as fetal ultrasound or fetal echocardiography. However, some defects may not be detected until after birth or during infancy. Common diagnostic tests for CHDs always include the following:

• Pulse oximetry screening: It measures oxygen levels in the blood, which can help identify some CHDs shortly after birth to doctors and medical professionals.

• Echocardiogram (Echo): An ultrasound of the heart that provides detailed images of the heart’s structure and its function, allowing healthcare providers to diagnose specific defects if they exist.

Symptoms and Signs:

The symptoms and signs of CHDs can vary depending on the type and severity of the defect. Some common signs that may indicate a CHD in newborns include the following:

• Cyanosis (bluish tint to the skin, lips, or nails due to low oxygen levels)

• Rapid breathing or difficulty breathing

• Poor feeding or fatigue during feeding

• Failure to thrive (poor weight gain and growth)

• Persistent coughing or wheezing

• Irregular heartbeat or heart murmur (abnormal sounds heard during a physical examination)

Treatment Options:

The treatment for CHDs also depends on the type and severity of the defect identified in the newborn. While some defects may require constant monitoring and detailed observation, others may include surgical intervention or other medical procedures. Common treatment options include the following:

• Medications: Certain medications may be prescribed by expert doctors to manage all the symptoms, control blood pressure, or prevent further complications.

•             Catheter-based procedures: These are minimally invasive procedures, which include balloon angioplasty or similar procedures, and may be performed to repair certain defects permanently.

•             Surgery: Open-heart surgery may be very necessary to correct more complex defects, such as VSDs, TOF, or TGA. Surgical techniques may include patching holes, repairing valves, or reconstructing blood vessels very carefully.


Congenital heart defects are regarded as complex medical conditions for newborns that require early detection and appropriate management to ensure the best possible outcomes for affected infants as well as their families. With recent advances in medical technology and interventions of the 21st century, many children with CHDs are able to lead healthy and fulfilling lives. By scheduling an appointment with a reliable Pediatric doctor like Dr. Manvinder, parents can better understand their newborn’s heart health and take necessary steps to solve any heart complications if they exist. It’s essential for parents and healthcare providers to be aware of the possible signs and symptoms of CHDs and to seek prompt evaluation and treatment whenever it is necessary. After understanding CHDs and advocating for comprehensive care for newborns, we can make a positive difference in the lives of newborns and their families affected by these complicated heart conditions.

in Cardiology

Heart-Healthy Habits: Top 7 Tips for Promoting Cardiovascular Health in Newborns

The heart is an essential organ that is primarily responsible for the delivery of blood and oxygen to all body parts, ensuring that every organ and tissue can properly function and has sufficient energy for the same. Although newborns have a fully developed heart at birth, it is necessary to develop heart-healthy habits from the very first day to ensure that cardiovascular health is in good shape. If you wish to seek advice from an expert schedule an appointment with Dr. Manvinder who is an expert in Pediatric Cardiology Services and Pediatric and Neonatal Cardiac Surgery. In this blog, we will have a look at the functions of the newborn heart as well as some practical pieces of advice for parents and caregivers to improve and maintain heart health in their newborns.

Understanding the Newborn Heart:

At the moment of birth, a newborn’s heart experiences essential changes as it adapts to live outside the womb. The newborn heart has four chambers: there are two atria and two ventricles similar to that of an adult but much smaller in size, each of them with a specified function of pumping blood and circulating it around the body, providing pure blood everywhere in the body. The most common difference between the newborn and adult heart is that an adult heart has no openings, while the baby heart has two small openings called foramen ovale and ductus arteriosus, which usually close within the first few days or weeks following birth.

Functions of the Newborn Heart:

The major function of the newborn heart is to deliver oxygen-rich blood to different parts and organs of the body and at the same time to eliminate carbon dioxide and waste products from within the body. Also, the heart of the newborn is responsible for blood pressure regulation, water and electrolyte balance as well as metabolic function. By making sure that the newborn heart functions optimally and normally is the cornerstone of improving the general health and well-being of the baby to have a healthy fulfilling life.

Heart-Healthy Habits for Newborns:

1. Breastfeeding:

Breastfeeding helps to deliver newborns with the needed nutrients and antibodies that promote cardiovascular health, increase immunity against diseases and promote growth for the newborn. Sufficient breastfeeding reduces the chance that the newborn will develop cardiovascular diseases in the future and ensures overall health and well-being.

2. Skin-to-Skin Contact:

A skin-to-skin connection between newborns and their mothers or caregivers develops a healthy bond and also stabilises the heartbeat rhythms and normalises the breathing patterns of the newborn. This kind of action is beneficial for cardiovascular health and also for the emotional balance of not only the baby but also the whole family.

3. Maintain a Healthy Environment:

To promote the cardiovascular health of newborns, it is necessary to set up a safe, healthy, clean and productive environment for babies. Ventilation should be adequate, the air temperature should be comfortable, and exposure to smoke, pollution, and other harmful gasses should be eliminated at all times.

4. Regular Check-ups:

Have a paediatrician who is reliable or a health care provider who is an expert in the field to conduct regular checks on the infant’s development and growth. With the doctor performing these medical checks frequently, they can identify heart problems and initiate precautionary measures and effective treatment for the same.

5. Promote Physical Activity:

While newborns may not directly be involved in formal physical activity, don’t forget to include gentle movements and simple exercises from time to time to enhance motor development and cardiovascular health. While the baby is still young, try including activities with a healthy purpose that will aware the baby about movement and physical fitness.

6. Avoid Exposure to Harmful Smoke:

Harmful smoke exposure results in the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases and respiratory problems in newborns. Make sure your home is not a place to smoke, is away from any public smoking areas and limit the exposure to environmental tobacco smoke as well as other air pollutants.

7. Practice Safe Sleep:

Try to provide the safest sleep atmosphere for newborn babies by putting them on their backs to sleep, using a firm yet soft little mattress, and with soft bedding, cushions, and toys for the crib. Safe sleep practices reduce the possibility of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and promote heart health in the young child.


Promoting heart-healthy habits from the earliest stages of life is very essential for supporting optimal cardiovascular health in newborns. By combining breastfeeding, skin-to-skin contact, maintaining a healthy environment, scheduling regular check-ups, promoting physical activity, avoiding exposure to harmful smoke, and practising safe sleep, parents and caregivers can lay the strong foundation for a lifetime of the best heart health for their newborns. If young ones encounter a heart problem then you can reach out to Dr. Manvider who is the Director and Head of the Department of Pediatric Cardiology at Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon. He is an expert in this field and has helped several infants and their families to solve major heart complications with the best treatment solutions. By prioritising cardiovascular health for newborns from the start, we can ensure that newborns grow and thrive, setting the perfect healthy tone for a healthy future ahead.

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Understanding Newborn Heart Conditions: Classification, Identification and Remedies

Old man having chest pain illustration

Understanding Newborn Heart Conditions: Classification, Identification and Remedies

Every parent looks forward to their child’s birth with great anticipation, hoping for a joyful and healthy start. But for other families, the happy news that their newborn has a heart issue might overshadow the significance of this event. There are several heart conditions and abnormalities that can be found in a child’s heart health. Even while it can be unpleasant, knowing about these medical conditions and the treatments that are available will help you provide your child with the best care possible and available. Parents have the option of choosing the best treatment for their young ones which will not only be effective but also promote a quick recover time as well. Here in this blog, we will explore a few common heart problems or abnormalities that doctors often find shortly after the screening of the newborn and offer the best possible treatments for them:

1. Congenital Heart Defects:

Congenital heart defects are structural abnormalities present at birth that affect the heart’s function to beat and pump blood throughout the body. These defects can vary widely in severity, from minor issues that are resolved on their own by natural body healing to complex conditions requiring immediate intervention from professional doctors. Examples include atrial septal defect (ASD), ventricular septal defect (VSD), and tetralogy of Fallot. Treatment options depend on the specific defect but may include medication, catheter-based procedures, or surgery to repair the defect and prepare the tiny heart for a healthy life.

2. Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA):

In some newborns, the ductus arteriosus, a blood vessel that connects the pulmonary artery to the aorta, fails to close after birth as it should have been. This condition, known as patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), can lead to breathing difficulties and poor feeding sessions. Treatment may involve medication to help close the ductus arteriosus or, in severe cases, surgery to ligate or close the vessel, making the blood flow normally through the heart and body.

3. Coarctation of the Aorta:

Coarctation of the aorta is a narrowing of the aorta, the main artery carrying oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the body, this is a very important element of the human body. This narrowing can restrict proper blood flow and lead to high blood pressure and heart failure in severe cases. Treatment typically involves surgery to repair the narrowed portion of the aorta and restore normal blood flow for a long life with a healthy heart.

4. Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA):

Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is a condition where the positions of the pulmonary artery and the aorta are switched. This leads to oxygen-poor blood circulating through the body, causing cyanosis (blueness of the skin) and other health complications which are deemed to be life-threatening. Treatment often involves surgery shortly after birth to correct the abnormal blood flow and ensure oxygen-rich blood reaches the body’s tissues for a healthy and oxygenated body.

5. Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS):

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a complex congenital heart defect where the left side of the heart is underdeveloped and the right side is normally developed. This condition requires a series of surgeries from a top doctor, known as the Norwood procedure, the Glenn procedure, and the Fontan procedure, to reroute blood flow and improve heart function. In some cases, a heart transplant may be necessary if the complications are on the rise.

6. Remedies and Treatment Options:

The treatment approach for childhood heart conditions depends on various factors, including the specific diagnosis, the severity of the health condition, and the child’s overall health. In many cases, early intervention is crucial for improving outcomes and minimizing complications. Treatment options may include:

•             Medications: Certain medications may be prescribed to help manage symptoms, improve heart function, or prevent complications.

•             Catheter-based Procedures: Minimally invasive procedures, such as balloon angioplasty or catheter-based valve repair, may be performed to correct certain heart defects.

•             Surgery: In more complicated cases, open-heart surgery may be necessary to repair structural abnormalities or improve heart function. Surgical techniques continue to advance, offering improved outcomes and shorter recovery times.

•             Cardiac Rehabilitation: Following surgery or other interventions, cardiac rehabilitation programs may be recommended to help children recover and regain strength.

It’s essential for parents to work closely with a team of healthcare professionals, including pediatric cardiologists, pediatric surgeons, and other specialists, to develop a comprehensive treatment plan tailored to their child’s needs for the best treatment and outcome.


While the discovery of a heart condition in a newborn can be frightening, understanding the condition in a better way and knowing the available treatment options is key to providing the best care for your child which is the primary requirement for every parent. With advances in medical technology and expertise, many childhood heart conditions can be effectively managed or corrected, allowing children to lead healthy and fulfilling lives in the future. By staying alert, informed, proactive, and engaged in their child’s care, parents can help navigate the journey of childhood heart health with confidence and optimism.

If you have any concerns or questions about your child’s heart health, don’t hesitate to reach out to a certified pediatric cardiologist like Dr. Manvinder who is the Director and Head of the Department of Pediatric Cardiology at Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon or healthcare provider for expert guidance and professional support. Together, we can ensure that every child has an equal opportunity to thrive and flourish, regardless of any challenges they may face in this world.

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Nurturing Young Hearts: Practical Tips for Parents from Dr. Manvinder

Happy girl hugging big red heart on white background illustration

Young tiny hearts beat with the rhythm of life and are very fragile in nature proving to be harmful if not identified and treated at the earliest stage. As a pediatric cardiologist at NanheDil, The Child Heart Centre, Dr. Manvinder holds enormous experience and has witnessed the importance of maintaining children’s heart health firsthand. He is open to sharing his expert knowledge with the world to help parents develop a healthy heart for their adorable young ones, here are some useful tips for parents to consider during the journey of parenthood:

1. Encourage Healthy Eating Habits:

The parents can play the main role in encouraging heart-healthy eating habits at a young age for their kids. Promotion of a balanced diet of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins should also be practised for the children. For example, replacing sweet treats with fresh fruits like apple slices and peanut butter or carrot sticks with hummus will make a huge difference in the long run. Through feeding nutritious meals and snacks to young ones, parents ensure that they get a lifetime habit of good heart health and overall well-being.

2. Stay Active Together:

The importance of regular physical activity to be in good health in relation to a good heart is evident. Parents can become role models by participating in physical exercises together with their children. Whether it’s going on relaxing walks, adventures while riding bikes, or playing outdoor sports as a family unit, being active with your family not only strengthens cardiovascular integrity but also builds permanent family ties. When parents include regular exercise in family life and make it a fun activity, they pass on healthy habits that their children will maintain throughout their long lives thereby having good heart health and a healthy mind as well.

3. Prioritize Quality Sleep:

Good sleep is vital to heart health and the overall health of individuals. A systematic approach to bedtime is necessary to ensure that children receive adequate sleep every night. By avoiding the use of technological devices for half an hour before bed while substituting such activities with easier, and relaxing activities like reading and gentle stretching, parents may provide a relaxing bedtime atmosphere for their children for a healthy sleep. Sleep hygiene is important when it comes to ensuring that parents help their children recharge their energy and support their heart’s health hand in hand.

4. Be Mindful of Stress:

Stress management is crucial, especially at the moment when a child is very young. Parents can show children good coping habits and examples to help them deal with stress by breathing properly or having a mindfulness mindset to find a solution rather than overthinking on the problem. There are other ways of managing stress, such as building an atmosphere for children, in which they freely vocalize their feelings and share their emotions without hiding any details. Parents should demonstrate effective coping mechanisms and express sympathy in times of conflict, enabling their children to create healthy methods for stress management in the future.

5. Know the Warning Signs:

Parents have to be made aware of the possible signs of heart problems in children. While heart conditions are unfamiliar among children, there are some symptoms such as complained shoulder and chest pain which should never be ignored, but it is very important not to overlook heart conditions even among children that are layered with chest pain, fainting, breathlessness or palpitations. Fortunately, parents who would soon get to know any symptoms that are unfavourable to them should immediately seek medical intervention to preserve their child’s heart health. Effective vigilance and proper proactivity on the children’s health could allow the parents to prevent heart diseases in their children and promote healthy hearts for a long life.

6. Regular Check-ups are Key:

Regular check-ups with a pediatrician are vital for monitoring children’s heart health at regular interventions. Pediatricians can perform routine screenings and evaluations to detect any potential issues early on for early and effective treatment. Parents should schedule regular appointments and communicate any concerns or family history of heart disease to their pediatrician to promote transparency. By staying proactive about their children’s health, parents can ensure that any potential heart issues are addressed promptly and that heart health is optimal.

7. Lead by Example:

As role models, parents have a significant influence on their children’s behaviours and habits. By prioritizing their own heart health through healthy lifestyle choices, parents set a positive example for their children to follow in their teenage and adult lives. Incorporating heart-healthy habits into family routines, such as cooking nutritious meals together or being physically active as a family, reinforces the importance of heart health from an early age and builds a strong family bond that lasts beyond a lifetime in the form of healthy cherished memories.


Remember, nurturing young hearts goes beyond physical health and also includes emotional well-being and overall happiness for the children and the family. By incorporating these simple tips mentioned above into their family’s daily routine, parents can help develop a heart of heart-healthy habits for their children. Every small step towards a healthy lifestyle makes a child’s future healthier and amplifies heart health for children. It is also important to remember to identify early signs of discomfort in the infant’s body, muscles and bones and get immediate medical help regarding the same.

If you ever have more questions or concerns about your child’s heart health, please don’t hesitate to reach out. At NanheDil, The Child Heart Centre, we’re here to support you every step of the way and make your lives healthier for a long life and healthy experience altogether.

Dr Manvinder wishes you and your family continued health and happiness.

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How to Keep Your Child’s Hearth Healthy Before and After Birth?

High blood pressure abstract concept vector illustration. Hypertension disease, blood pressure control, monitor, examination in hospital, tonometer, heart attack, arteria strain abstract metaphor.

Your child’s heart is a precious and delicate treasure for all your family, deserving of the utmost care and attention when required. Dr. Manvinder Singh Sachdev, MD (Pediatrics), FNB (Pediatric Cardiology), is a distinguished pediatric cardiologist and the Director of the Department of Pediatric Cardiology at Fortis Memorial Research Institute in Gurgaon. With his wealth of knowledge and experience, Dr. Sachdev is committed to safeguarding and enhancing the heart health of children. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore detailed strategies and insights on how to ensure a healthy child’s heart before and after birth, as well as the necessary steps to take if any heart complications are detected post-birth.

Before Birth: Prenatal Heart Health

Prenatal heart health is the foundation upon which a child’s cardiovascular well-being is built. Dr. Sachdev firmly believes that a proactive approach to prenatal care can significantly impact the heart health of the developing fetus.

1. Prenatal Care: Prenatal care is the initial step in the journey to a healthy heart before birth. Dr. Sachdev emphasizes that regular check-ups during pregnancy are paramount. Ideally, prenatal care should begin as soon as pregnancy is confirmed. Specialized tests, such as fetal echocardiography, can detect congenital heart defects early on, enabling timely interventions and personalized care plans.

2. Genetic Counselling: For families with a history of heart problems or genetic predispositions, genetic counselling becomes crucial. Dr. Sachdev’s expertise in pediatric cardiology allows him to provide comprehensive guidance, enabling informed family planning decisions and managing potential hereditary heart issues.

3. Maternal Health: A mother’s lifestyle choices during pregnancy can significantly impact fetal heart development. Dr. Sachdev underscores the importance of expectant mothers adopting a well-rounded approach to prenatal care. This includes maintaining a balanced diet rich in essential nutrients, engaging in safe physical activity, and avoiding harmful substances like tobacco and alcohol. Stress management techniques can also positively impact fetal heart development.

During Birth: Ensuring a Safe and Healthy Arrival

Dr. Sachdev’s commitment to heart health extends to ensuring a safe delivery process for newborns.

1. Skilled Delivery Team: Dr. Sachdev’s experience and proficiency enable him to collaborate effectively with delivery teams. This ensures that any heart-related issues that may arise during childbirth are addressed promptly and with precision.

2. Immediate Evaluation: Newborns occasionally require immediate evaluation and intervention for congenital heart defects. Dr. Sachdev’s adeptness in pediatric cardiology ensures timely assessments. This facilitates necessary interventions to support the child’s heart health right from the start.

After Birth: Nurturing a Healthy Heart

Once a child enters the world, the journey of nurturing a healthy heart continues. Ways to check and keep a healthy child’s heart can be: –

1. Early Detection: Regular pediatric check-ups are the cornerstone of maintaining a healthy heart after birth. Dr. Sachdev’s specialized department at Fortis Memorial Research Institute excels in the detection and management of heart conditions in infants and children. Routine monitoring is essential to ensure any potential issues are identified and addressed promptly.

2. Vaccinations: Certain infections, such as rheumatic fever, can lead to heart problems if left untreated. Dr. Sachdev advocates for adhering to the recommended vaccination schedule. Vaccines can help prevent these infections, reducing the risk of heart-related complications.

3. Healthy Lifestyle: Promoting a heart-healthy lifestyle from an early age is instrumental in preventing heart disease later in life. Dr. Sachdev encourages parents to foster an environment that encourages a balanced diet, regular physical activity, and a smoke-free atmosphere.

If Heart Complications Are Detected After Birth, Do Not Worry.

In some cases where heart complications are detected post-birth, parents should never panic but rather follow these steps:

1. Consultation with a Pediatric Cardiologist: Seek immediate consultation with a pediatric cardiologist like Dr. Sachdev, who can conduct a thorough evaluation, including imaging tests and diagnostic procedures, to assess the nature and severity of the heart condition.

2. Treatment Plan: Based on the diagnosis, the pediatric cardiologist will develop a customized treatment plan. This may include medications, cardiac catheterization procedures, or surgical interventions, depending on the specific condition of the diagnosed child.

3. Family Education: Dr. Sachdev believes in empowering families with information about the heart condition, treatment options, and long-term care requirements. It’s crucial for parents to understand the condition and actively participate in their child’s care.

4. Supportive Care: In many cases, ongoing care and regular follow-ups are necessary. Dr. Sachdev and his team provide comprehensive support to families, including addressing any concerns and monitoring the child’s progress.

It is very hard for a parent to understand and face the fact that their newborn has innate heart complications. During these rough times, parents should never drop hope and be persistent toward their family’s collective goal of eliminating the problem from the root. Modern medical advancements will definitely help in eradicating newborn heart complications. Parents should always and only follow the right procedure which is prescribed by an expert doctor in this field like Dr. Sachdev, to give their newborn a healthy and heart-wealthy future.

Dr. Manvinder Singh Sachdev’s dedication to safeguarding pediatric heart health is marked by his comprehensive approach and unwavering commitment to excellence. With his extensive training, including a National Board Pediatric Cardiology fellowship and invaluable experience in esteemed institutions, he stands as a beacon of hope for families seeking to ensure their child’s heart remains healthy. By following Dr. Sachdev’s guidance, parents and caregivers can proactively take measures to protect their child’s heart. In cases where heart complications are detected, timely intervention and expert care can significantly improve outcomes, offering children the opportunity for a vibrant and thriving future. Dr. Sachdev’s holistic approach ensures that every child has the best chance for a healthy heart, from prenatal care to birth and beyond.

in Cardiology

The Significance Of Cardiac Event Monitors

What is a Cardiac Event Monitor?
Cardiac event monitors are important medical devices used by pediatric cardiologists and surgeons to detect and treat heart conditions such as arrhythmias. These monitors can provide an invaluable insight into the heart, allowing doctors to detect abnormalities and monitor the patient’s heart rate and rhythm. In this article, we’ll explore the different types of cardiac event monitors, how they are used, and the significance of utilizing these devices in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac conditions. We’ll also discuss the benefits of using pediatric cardiologists and surgeons in Gurgaon for cardiac event monitoring.

Types of Cardiac Event Monitors
This section will explain the different types of cardiac event monitors available and their functions. It will cover Holter Monitors, Mobile Cardiac Telemetry Monitors, and Implantable Loop Recorders. Each type of device will be analyzed to evaluate their performance and effectiveness.

Holter Monitors
Holter monitoring is a type of cardiac event monitor used to detect abnormal heart rhythms. It involves attaching electrodes to a patient’s chest and recording electrical signals from their heart while they go about their normal activities. Holter monitors can detect cardiac events such as atrial and ventricular arrhythmias and other events that may be an indicator of heart disease. Holter monitors are especially helpful for pediatric patients who may experience health issues that may not be detected through electrocardiogram testing. Pediatric cardiologists and surgeons in Gurgaon often use Holter monitors to assess heart health in children.

Mobile Cardiac Telemetry Monitors
Recent advancements in technology have enabled Mobile Cardiac Telemetry (MCT) monitors, which are designed to be worn on a patient’s body and can continuously measure and monitor the patient’s heart activity in a non-invasive way. These monitors can detect arrhythmias, detect long and short-term changes in cardiac activity, and alert health care professionals when irregularities arise. MCT monitors are especially beneficial for pediatric patients, and many pediatric cardiologist surgeons in Gurgaon have begun incorporating the use of these monitors into their patient care. In addition to providing accurate heart

monitoring, these devices can help to reduce hospital stays and enable more accurate diagnoses.

Implantable Loop Recorders
(ILR) are a type of cardiac event monitor which are implanted subcutaneously within a patient’s chest. It is a very small device which is typically inserted through a minimally invasive procedure by a pediatric cardiologist or surgeon in Gurgaon. ILRs provide
continuous monitoring for up to two to three years and are most often used to diagnose the cause of infrequent or difficult-to-detect cardiac arrhythmias. The ILR is used for prolonged monitoring periods, such as those that exceed 48 hours, and is less obtrusive than other cardiac event monitors.

How Cardiac Event Monitors Are Used
Cardiac event monitors are devices used to record the heart’s electrical activity. They are used to diagnose and treat cardiac diseases or to evaluate the effectiveness of medications and treatments. Cardiac event monitors are typically worn over the patient’s chest and connected to a device which records and transmits the patient’s heart activity. The recorded data is then accessed by a doctor or a cardiologist who can analyze it to make a diagnosis.

Cardiac event monitors are commonly used in patients presenting with symptoms of atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular tachycardia, and bradycardia. They are also used to investigate syncope, palpitations, chest pains, dizziness, and other symptoms related to cardiac malfunction. In some cases, they can also detect atrial flutter, long QT syndrome, and Brugada syndrome.

Pediatric cardiologists are increasingly using cardiac event monitors for monitoring infants and children. A pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon may recommend that a child undergo a cardiac event monitor test to diagnose or monitor a suspected or existing heart condition or to detect a rhythm abnormality. The device is used to observe heart rhythm patterns in children and infants which may indicate an underlying cardiac condition.

Besides diagnosing cardiac conditions, cardiac event monitors can also be used as a therapeutic device. Implantable loop recorders are cardiac event monitors which are used for long-term monitoring, allowing doctors to closely observe a patient’s heart rate and rhythm. This monitoring allows the doctor to detect any abnormalities in the patient’s heart rate or rhythm and adjust the treatment based on the findings.

In conclusion, cardiac event monitors are an invaluable tool in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac conditions. With their help, doctors are able to diagnose cardiac conditions and adjust treatments to ensure the best treatment outcomes. Pediatric cardiologists in Gurgaon have increasingly been using cardiac event monitors for monitoring infants and children, allowing for early detection and treatment of any underlying cardiac issues.

Detecting Cardiac Arrhythmias
Cardiac event monitors are used to detect arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats). These monitors help diagnose irregular heartbeats that may require further medical attention. Cardiac event monitors can also be used to detect changes in the electrical activity of the heart and to record the patient’s heart activity over a prolonged period of time. This can be incredibly helpful for a pediatric cardiologist surgeon in Gurgaon to monitor a patient’s heart rate and rhythm. By using this data, the cardiologist can more precisely diagnose and treat any cardiac irregularities.

Evaluating Symptoms
In order to accurately detect and diagnose cardiac events, it is important that a healthcare provider evaluates the patient’s symptoms. Pediatric cardiologists and surgeons in Gurgaon have developed technologies and protocols to help accurately assess and diagnose patients for cardiac events. These tools can include physical examinations, electrocardiograms, echocardiography, and cardiac event monitors. By employing these technologies and protocols, healthcare providers can make an accurate diagnosis and provide the best possible care for their patients.

Monitoring Response to Treatment
Cardiac event monitors, such as a Holter monitor, allow doctors to assess the response of cardiac patients to treatment regimens. By tracking a patient’s heart rate and rhythm, event monitoring can help a physician determine if medication dosages need to be adjusted or if a patient needs further evaluation and treatment. A Pediatric cardiologist surgeon in Gurgaon can use cardiac event monitors to assess a patient’s long-term response to treatment, including lifestyle changes, and to diagnose and treat abnormal heart rhythms. Event monitoring can also help in the diagnosis and treatment of heart failure, which is an increasingly common problem in India. Long-term monitoring is especially important when it comes to pediatric patients, as a pediatric cardiologist surgeon in Gurgaon will be able to better manage any potential problems before they become more serious.

Cardiac event monitors are highly valuable tools for medical professionals and their patients. These devices provide important information that can help cardiologists and other medical professionals diagnose and treat cardiovascular diseases, monitor cardiac activity, and adjust medications. They can be used by both adults and children and can provide invaluable insight into cardiac health. In addition, they help improve quality of life and reduce risk of future cardiac events.

Overall, the growing use of cardiac event monitors demonstrates the increasing importance of these devices in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Pediatric

cardiologists and surgeons in Gurgaon, and in other cities around the world, rely on these monitors to help provide timely, evidence-based care for their patients. With their help, these specialists can increase patient safety and improve outcomes, helping to ensure the best possible care for patients of all ages.

in Cardiology

How to choose the best paediatric cardiologist for your child?

Is your child suffering from acute heart disease? Are you considering consulting a cardiologist in your locality? If yes, you better consult a paediatric cardiologist for the best result. A paediatric cardiologist can diagnose your child differently from a regular cardiologist. You can enjoy better treatment for your child by consulting with such a doctor. 

Searching for the best paediatric cardiologist near me on Google can provide numerous results. However, finding the reliable one from them takes a lot of work. Moreover, in places like Delhi, where people want to get more sensitive health care for children treatment, you better consult with such a suitable expert. 

So what can be your next step? How can you find a reliable and experienced paediatric cardiologist? Which metrics should you use for choosing the perfect person? Let’s discuss it. 

Tips for finding the reliable paediatric cardiologist 
The following tips will help you to find the best paediatric cardiologists in India for your child’s health care. 

Create a wide shortlist 
Creating a shortlist can be the first way to make a great decision regarding paediatric cardiologists. With the latest technology, you can have a comprehensive list of doctors who can treat your child’s heart issues. Moreover, choosing from the written names is safer for your child’s health care. 

For instance, you may contact Dr. Manvinder Singh Sachdev, one of the best paediatric cardiologists in India. He can assist you in finding the perfect treatment for your child. You can check the doctor’s bio-data and historical background on websites. Making a list with such an experienced doctor’s name can help you to find the desired result. 

Understand your child’s condition
If you still do not determine your child’s problem, do it fast before consulting a paediatric cardiologist. It will help you broach the conversation with the specialist. If you are advised to consult with a specific paediatric cardiologist, you must have basic knowledge of your child’s issue. 

It is because you can choose the perfect doctor for the treatment. Moreover, finding a doctor to diagnose your child with such problem will be easier for you. 

Ascertain the comfort of a child 
As an acute treatment, child health care involves immense satisfaction regarding the children’s comfort. If your child can’t respond to the treatment, you may not get the ultimate satisfaction regarding the diagnosis. Therefore, ascertaining the child’s comfort is vital when choosing a paediatric cardiologist for your child. 

Searching paediatric cardiologist near me on Google search can provide numerous results, but you must choose the one who can provide your child with the best communication. Moreover, a child’s heart issues must be cleared from the child’s aspect for better treatment. Therefore, you better choose a doctor who can childishly communicate with your child and appropriately treat them. 

Check the hospital infrastructure 
When consulting with a paediatric cardiologist, you must check the hospital infrastructure and other details for better treatment of your children. As one of the best paediatric cardiologists in India, a doctor always coordinates any operations or remedy under the best hospitals in the country. Therefore, evaluating the hospital can provide you better name as a paediatric cardiologist. 

For instance, if you consult with Dr. Manvinder Singh Sachdev, you’ll get the opportunity to get treatment from Fortis Hospital, one of the largest super-specialty hospitals in India. Thus, a connection with a medical institution can provide you with the satisfaction of getting the best choice for a paediatric cardiologist. 

Check whether the concerned doctor can provide treatment in any particular emergency. Those with excellent services who can offer the same can be considered reliable paediatric cardiologists. You can get the utmost satisfaction regarding your child’s health issues. Moreover, the availability helps to make an immediate diagnosis of your child. What can be more preferable than it? 

To make it happen, you may search best paediatric cardiologist near me in Google search, but how can you choose the best one regarding this metric? Therefore, you may consult with Dr. Manvinder Singh Sachdev for reliable treatment for your child. You can make an appointment online for his consultancy and treatment facility. Moreover, as he collaborates with Fortis Hospital, you can directly get his consultancy in the hospital. 

Speak with some previous beneficiary parents 
While choosing a reliable paediatric cardiologist near me, you better speak and get a review from those parents who have benefited early. Talking with them can satisfy you enough to rely upon a paediatric cardiologist. Moreover, in such sensitive issues, a parent can only feel the trouble you are suffering from. Therefore, you can get a reliable referral for your child’s health care. 

Conclusively, searching for the best paediatric cardiologist near me on Google and choosing the desired one from them is different. Therefore, you better consider these tips to get the maximum convenient result. 

in Pediatric Arrhythmia

What is a pediatric arrhythmia? – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment 

An arrhythmia is an abnormal heartbeat that affects people. It can also affect your child. Often these are not risky but can be life-threatening. Most arrhythmias do not require any treatment, but some require treatment. It is better to consult a cardiologist when you find any symptoms of such disease in your child. Though there are no symptoms in most arrhythmias, some include dizziness and fainting. This article will help you understand the disease’s types, causes, symptoms, and treatment procedures. 

What is Arrhythmia? 
An Arrhythmia is an irregular heart rhythm which causes the heart pumping to be less effective. Though it appears mostly in adults, it can also appear in children. Also, some arrhythmias are not risky, but some can be dangerous.  

The part where they started to classify the type of arrhythmias: it can be in the lower chambers or upper chambers. It can happen when the heart beats too slow, too fast or in an abnormal pattern.  

Types of Arrhythmia 
It depends on the heartbeat of your children that defines the type of Arrthymia. Pediatric Arrhythmia can be of the following types: 

  1. Long-Q-T syndrome (LQTS): This type is inherited from the parents into children. Mostly it affects young adults and children. You may find no symptom of this in your child or your child fainting often. It may also give rise to cardiac arrest. 
  1. Premature ventricular contraction (PVC) or Premature atrial contraction (PAC): PVCs and PACs are irregular beats in the heart’s upper chambers (atria) or lower chambers (ventricles). They are most common in teens and children. These types are often considered harmless and completely normal.  
  1. Sinus tachycardia: A fast heartbeat arises with excitement, exercise and fever. It is usually normal.  
  1. Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), paroxysmal atrial tachycardia (PAT), or supraventricular tachycardia (SVT): It is the most known tachycardia in children that requires treatment. The main cause is an irregular electric circuit or focal point in the atria leading to fast heartbeats. 
  1. Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. This irregular electrical signal travels through an additional electrical pathway before reaching the ventricle. It is congenital and can lead to a sudden heart attack. The common symptom includes fast heart rhythm or no symptoms.  
  1. Ventricular tachycardia (VT). Caused by severe heart disease, VT is a deadly arrhythmia. The main causes of this disease include a very rapid electrical motion from the ventricles. It leads to dizziness, weakness, faintness, tiredness and palpitations in children.  
  1. Sick sinus syndrome. When the genuine pacemaker of the heart doesn’t work properly, it can cause slow heart rhythms leading to sinus. It mostly occurs in children who have already had open heart surgery. A child can have zero symptoms or feel dizzy and tired and may faint. 
  1. Complete heart block. Blocking electrical signals to the ventricles from the atria can lead to a complete heart block. It can cause slower heartbeats in children. The problem arises with any heart disease or after a heart operation that might make a kid dizzy. 

What are the causes of Arrhythmia? 

There are main unknown causes of pediatric arrhythmia, but some of the known causes include: 

  • Congenital heart problems  
  • Inherited heart diseases 
  • Infection 
  • The regular reaction due to fever, exercise or emotions 
  • Abnormal electrical conduction 
  • Modification in the heart’s structure 
  • Irregular blood levels of some substances 

What are the symptoms of Arrhythmia? 

It depends on your child’s maturity and age, which helps you recognise the symptoms. Often grown-up children tell the problem to their parents easily. However, the following are symptoms you may find in your child that can lead to arrhythmia: 

  • Feeling tired 
  • Feeling dizzy 
  • Feeling weak 
  • Fainting (syncope) 
  • Low blood pressure 
  • Having a racing heart sensation (heart palpitations) 
  • Not eating or feeding properly 

If your child complains about any of these symptoms or you find them in your child, immediately, you should consult a cardiologist.  

With the acknowledgement of a child’s medical history and bodily check-ups, the doctor conducts many tests. These tests include: 

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) 
  • Exercise EKG 
  • Event monitor or Holter 
  • Electrophysiologic study (EPS) 
  • Continuous recording 
  • rest/stress myocardial perfusion imaging 

Treatment Procedures for Arrhythmia 

Not every arrhythmia requires treatment. It is only when your child’s arrhythmia causes symptoms that require treatment. The procedures can be: 

  1. Medications 
    Your child can correct abnormal heart patterns or lower rapid heartbeats by taking medications from a cardiologist. 
  1. Cardioversion 
    A minute electrical shock can stop suitable fast arrhythmias. 
  1. Ablation 
    A pediatric cardiologist places a minute, thin tube into the child’s heart through the blood vessels in the arm or groin. It freezes or heats the tissue over the arrhythmia area. 
  1. Pacemaker  
    To regulate or start a slow heartbeat, a cardiologist uses a small device under the skin which passes electric signals. 
  1. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). A cardiologist place a small device alike a pacemaker under the skin to sense the heartbeat rate. It also delivers a minute electrical shock in the heart when the heartbeat is rapid. 

When these treatments don’t work, a cardiologist suggests surgery like a maze procedure or ablation. 

You should not let go when your child complains about any symptoms mentioned above. It is wiser to seek medical advice in such situations

in Congenital Heart Disease

The Signs and Prevention of Congenital Heart Defects

A healthy baby is what every parent wishes for when they find out they are pregnant. However, some babies are born with health disorders known as congenital diseases in medical terms. A Congenital Heart Defect means a baby is born with a heart that does not function as a normal heart would. Although there is no specific reason for such a health condition in new-born babies, these can cause severe health problems in the future if not treated well. Some congenital heart defects can be left untreated as they might not pose any risk, but some need proper treatment as soon as they are diagnosed. Therefore, as soon as a child shows the signs of a heart problem, the child should immediately be taken to a heart specialist like Dr Manvinder Singh Sachdev, the best pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon.

The Reasons Behind Congenital Heart Diseases in Children

There are many reasons for an unborn baby to develop a heart defect while inside its mother’s womb. The medical description of the reasons is too long and detailed to discuss. Therefore, here is a summary of the causes of developing a congenital heart defect-

  • The presence of a hole in the walls of the heart chambers.
  • The malformation of the heart valves where the problem lies in the opening and closing of the valves.
  • Some babies are even born with multiple heart defects, which results in a dysfunctional cardiovascular system.

Only a good cardiologist in Gurgaon can detect other congenital heart defects like pulmonary atresia, tricuspid atresia, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, etc.

Reasons for Congenital Heart Defects in Children

When an adult develops a heart problem, the reasons include smoking, drinking, bad food habits, various health factors like cholesterol, and lack of exercise. However, in congenital heart defects, the reason mostly is an abnormal formation and functionality of the heart, which can develop without any reason. The best cardiologist in Gurgaon can guide you on this. However, here are some reasons that can trigger a congenital heart problem-

· Genetics- Many congenital heart defects run in the family. Genetics is one of the reasons why your baby might have a malfunctioning heart.

· Diabetes- If the mother has uncontrolled blood sugar during or before the pregnancy, the baby has a high chance of congenital heart defects.

· Medications- Certain medications increase the chances of congenital heart defects or diseases in the baby. You should discuss your medications with a doctor before you conceive.

· Rubella- If you have Rubella during your pregnancy, that may affect your baby’s heart development.

· Consumption of Alcohol or smoking during pregnancy- Drinking alcohol and smoking tobacco during your pregnancy can result in many health complications in the baby, including a congenital heart defect.

If you are searching for a good pediatric cardiologist in India, Dr Manvinder is your ideal choice.

Signs of a Congenital Heart Defect in Children

Many signs of a congenital heart defect go unnoticed as the symptoms are mild and insignificant. However, severe heart problems show prominent signs, such as-

  • Unusually heavy breathing. When a child is seen breathing heavily or rapidly, you must take them for a check-up or diagnosis.
  • Cyanosis or bluing of nails, tongue, or lips
  • Panting during feeding resulting in weight loss
  • Swelled legs, abdomen, or puffiness around the eyes

Congenital heart defects are sometimes difficult to detect unless the child grows a little older. The signs of a congenital heart defect in older children are-

  • Breathlessness while working out or other heavy physical activities.
  • Easily getting exhausted during physical exercises and activities.
  • Losing consciousness while exercising or performing physical activities or heavy exercises.
  • Hands or feet getting swelled without reason.

If your child shows any of these symptoms, you must consult an expert cardiologist in Gurgaon if you live nearby.

Treatment of Congenital Heart Defects in Children

As a child is brought to a pediatric cardiologist having shown one or more of the signs mentioned earlier, doctors conduct several tests like MRI, Echocardiogram, Electrocardiogram, Chest X-ray, etc. After that, depending on the reports, doctors decide on the ideal treatment the child needs. The treatments include-

1. Balloon Valvuloplasty – It is a treatment that is suggested in cases of aortic valve stenosis. The treatment depends on how narrow the aortic valve is.

2. Surgical Procedure – If your child develops a coarctation of the aorta, the child may undergo surgery to reinstate the blood flow through the aorta within the first few days of birth. Surgery is also recommended in conditions like Tetralogy of Fallot.

3. Medicinal Support– Some congenital heart defect like Ebstein’s anomaly or Patent ductus arteriosus needs only medicinal help to be treated. Dr Manvinder is a veteran pediatric cardiologist you can consult to discuss the treatments and procedures.

Most congenital heart defect problems are so mild that they don’t need to be treated or can be treated with medicines. However, some severe heart issues in babies and children need to be addressed and might require surgical support. An annual health checkup is important. It can be more frequent in cases of babies.

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What is a Blue Baby Syndrome? – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Infant Methemoglobinemia is popularly known as the blue baby syndrome, wherein the baby appears to be blue as the blood is unable to carry enough oxygen because of less hemoglobin in the blood. Hemoglobin, an essential protein for the blood that helps the blood carry necessary oxygen, is sometimes found in reduced quantities in the baby’s blood. This results in the blood’s inability to carry oxygen. That is why the baby’s skin turns blue because of the absence of oxygen-rich blood. This condition is termed the blue baby syndrome, which is very common in developing countries and rural areas. If you live around Delhi-NCR, you must consult a good pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon if anything like this occurs.

What are the Reasons for Blue Baby Syndrome?
In a normal human body, the blood goes into the lungs to get oxygen, which is distributed in every part of the body. However, with certain heart defects and a reduced hemoglobin level, the blood is deprived of enough oxygen to send to the cells, tissues, and organs. Such a condition causes the blue skin in the baby, which means the blood in the baby is oxygen-deprived. Some other causes of Infant Methemoglobinemia or Blue Baby Syndrome are-

1. Tetralogy of Fallot– Tetralogy of Fallot or TOF is a congenital heart defect that roughly means four types of heart defects that causes oxygen-poor blood to flow in the baby’s body due to reduced blood flow. The four defects are:
· A hole between the ventricles.
· Displacement of the aorta.
· An increased thickness in the wall of the right ventricle.
· A blockage in the valve joining the right ventricle and the pulmonary arteries.
You must go for regular check-ups at an expert cardiologist in Gurgaon to treat such a heart condition.

2. Methemoglobinemia- This is a heart condition in babies under 6 months old wherein an excessive amount of methemoglobin is produced. The nitrate in the body gets converted to nitrite and mixed with the blood to form methemoglobin. Methemoglobin is a form of haemoglobin that cannot release oxygen to the cells, which causes the babies to turn blue. Consulting the best pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon at the earliest can help treat the condition well.

3. Gestational Diabetes– This type of diabetes develops during the gestational period because of uncontrolled blood sugar in pregnancy.

Other causes of the blue baby syndrome include other heart defects like Pulmonary atresia, Tricuspid atresia, Pulmonary hypertension, Truncus arteriosus, transpositional arteries, Hypoplastic left heart syndrome, Hypoplastic left heart syndrome, etc.

Signs of Blue Baby Syndrome
Identifying a blue baby syndrome or Infant Methemoglobinemia is easy as the most common sign of such a heart condition is the hands, feet and the area around the mouth getting a bluish tinge. The most common symptom of blue baby syndrome is a blue discolouration of the skin around the mouth, hands, and feet. This condition is called cyanosis, which means

the baby’s blood lacks enough oxygen. If your baby shows one or more of the following signs, you must take them to a good pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon if you live nearby.
Some of the other symptoms of Blue Baby Syndrome are-
. Tiredness
· Not being able to feed properly
· Unstable temperament issue
· Poor weight gain
· Poor development
· Deformity of fingers and toes.
· Breathing issues and shortness of breath.
· Nausea and vomiting
· Diarrhoea 
· Sudden fainting
· Abnormality is saliva production.
· Seizures

Diagnosis Procedures
When a doctor receives a complaint that an infant is going through one or more of the symptoms mentioned above, they first note down their medical history, followed by physical examinations. A Paediatrician conducts various tests to confirm the reason behind such a health condition. The tests that are performed on the baby are-
· Several blood tests are to see the functioning of the heart.
. An X-ray of the chest to understand the condition of the lungs and the heart.
. Electrocardiogram to examine the electrical activities of the baby’s heart.
. Echocardiogram to further check if there is any deformity in the heart.
· A pulse oximetry is to determine the oxygen saturation in the blood.

After performing all these tests, doctors can determine if the baby is suffering from Infant Methemoglobinemia and the reasons behind it. After that, the baby is referred to the best pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon or any other city to have the treatment started.

Treatment for Blue Baby Syndrome

Expert cardiologists follow two types of treatment procedures. These are-

1. Surgical Way of Treating Blue Baby Syndrome –
In case the reason is a congenital heart defect, a surgical process is recommended. The doctors suggest an Intra-Cardiac Corrective repair of tetralogy to repair of the ventricular septal deformity. This will help the blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta without any restrictions. This surgical procedure also fixes the thickened pulmonary valve and enlarges the pulmonary arteries to increase the blood flow to the lungs.

2. Medicinal Way of Treating Blue Baby Syndrome –
The medical way is to take an intravenous Methylene Blue to treat the blue baby syndrome and take preventive measures like avoiding consuming contaminated water from wells or ponds.

For treating severe blue baby syndrome, an experienced pediatric cardiologist is recommended. Dr Manvinder Singh Sachdev has been practising for years and has mastered the field of pediatric cardiology. You know where to go if you want a cardiologist for your baby with country-wide popularity.

Blue baby syndrome is a rare health condition that has a moderate prognosis. If untreated, it may cause many other complications and even loss of life.