in Uncategorized

How to Keep Your Child’s Hearth Healthy Before and After Birth?

High blood pressure abstract concept vector illustration. Hypertension disease, blood pressure control, monitor, examination in hospital, tonometer, heart attack, arteria strain abstract metaphor.

Your child’s heart is a precious and delicate treasure for all your family, deserving of the utmost care and attention when required. Dr. Manvinder Singh Sachdev, MD (Pediatrics), FNB (Pediatric Cardiology), is a distinguished pediatric cardiologist and the Director of the Department of Pediatric Cardiology at Fortis Memorial Research Institute in Gurgaon. With his wealth of knowledge and experience, Dr. Sachdev is committed to safeguarding and enhancing the heart health of children. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore detailed strategies and insights on how to ensure a healthy child’s heart before and after birth, as well as the necessary steps to take if any heart complications are detected post-birth.

Before Birth: Prenatal Heart Health

Prenatal heart health is the foundation upon which a child’s cardiovascular well-being is built. Dr. Sachdev firmly believes that a proactive approach to prenatal care can significantly impact the heart health of the developing fetus.

1. Prenatal Care: Prenatal care is the initial step in the journey to a healthy heart before birth. Dr. Sachdev emphasizes that regular check-ups during pregnancy are paramount. Ideally, prenatal care should begin as soon as pregnancy is confirmed. Specialized tests, such as fetal echocardiography, can detect congenital heart defects early on, enabling timely interventions and personalized care plans.

2. Genetic Counselling: For families with a history of heart problems or genetic predispositions, genetic counselling becomes crucial. Dr. Sachdev’s expertise in pediatric cardiology allows him to provide comprehensive guidance, enabling informed family planning decisions and managing potential hereditary heart issues.

3. Maternal Health: A mother’s lifestyle choices during pregnancy can significantly impact fetal heart development. Dr. Sachdev underscores the importance of expectant mothers adopting a well-rounded approach to prenatal care. This includes maintaining a balanced diet rich in essential nutrients, engaging in safe physical activity, and avoiding harmful substances like tobacco and alcohol. Stress management techniques can also positively impact fetal heart development.

During Birth: Ensuring a Safe and Healthy Arrival

Dr. Sachdev’s commitment to heart health extends to ensuring a safe delivery process for newborns.

1. Skilled Delivery Team: Dr. Sachdev’s experience and proficiency enable him to collaborate effectively with delivery teams. This ensures that any heart-related issues that may arise during childbirth are addressed promptly and with precision.

2. Immediate Evaluation: Newborns occasionally require immediate evaluation and intervention for congenital heart defects. Dr. Sachdev’s adeptness in pediatric cardiology ensures timely assessments. This facilitates necessary interventions to support the child’s heart health right from the start.

After Birth: Nurturing a Healthy Heart

Once a child enters the world, the journey of nurturing a healthy heart continues. Ways to check and keep a healthy child’s heart can be: –

1. Early Detection: Regular pediatric check-ups are the cornerstone of maintaining a healthy heart after birth. Dr. Sachdev’s specialized department at Fortis Memorial Research Institute excels in the detection and management of heart conditions in infants and children. Routine monitoring is essential to ensure any potential issues are identified and addressed promptly.

2. Vaccinations: Certain infections, such as rheumatic fever, can lead to heart problems if left untreated. Dr. Sachdev advocates for adhering to the recommended vaccination schedule. Vaccines can help prevent these infections, reducing the risk of heart-related complications.

3. Healthy Lifestyle: Promoting a heart-healthy lifestyle from an early age is instrumental in preventing heart disease later in life. Dr. Sachdev encourages parents to foster an environment that encourages a balanced diet, regular physical activity, and a smoke-free atmosphere.

If Heart Complications Are Detected After Birth, Do Not Worry.

In some cases where heart complications are detected post-birth, parents should never panic but rather follow these steps:

1. Consultation with a Pediatric Cardiologist: Seek immediate consultation with a pediatric cardiologist like Dr. Sachdev, who can conduct a thorough evaluation, including imaging tests and diagnostic procedures, to assess the nature and severity of the heart condition.

2. Treatment Plan: Based on the diagnosis, the pediatric cardiologist will develop a customized treatment plan. This may include medications, cardiac catheterization procedures, or surgical interventions, depending on the specific condition of the diagnosed child.

3. Family Education: Dr. Sachdev believes in empowering families with information about the heart condition, treatment options, and long-term care requirements. It’s crucial for parents to understand the condition and actively participate in their child’s care.

4. Supportive Care: In many cases, ongoing care and regular follow-ups are necessary. Dr. Sachdev and his team provide comprehensive support to families, including addressing any concerns and monitoring the child’s progress.

It is very hard for a parent to understand and face the fact that their newborn has innate heart complications. During these rough times, parents should never drop hope and be persistent toward their family’s collective goal of eliminating the problem from the root. Modern medical advancements will definitely help in eradicating newborn heart complications. Parents should always and only follow the right procedure which is prescribed by an expert doctor in this field like Dr. Sachdev, to give their newborn a healthy and heart-wealthy future.

Dr. Manvinder Singh Sachdev’s dedication to safeguarding pediatric heart health is marked by his comprehensive approach and unwavering commitment to excellence. With his extensive training, including a National Board Pediatric Cardiology fellowship and invaluable experience in esteemed institutions, he stands as a beacon of hope for families seeking to ensure their child’s heart remains healthy. By following Dr. Sachdev’s guidance, parents and caregivers can proactively take measures to protect their child’s heart. In cases where heart complications are detected, timely intervention and expert care can significantly improve outcomes, offering children the opportunity for a vibrant and thriving future. Dr. Sachdev’s holistic approach ensures that every child has the best chance for a healthy heart, from prenatal care to birth and beyond.

in Cardiology

The Significance Of Cardiac Event Monitors

What is a Cardiac Event Monitor?
Cardiac event monitors are important medical devices used by pediatric cardiologists and surgeons to detect and treat heart conditions such as arrhythmias. These monitors can provide an invaluable insight into the heart, allowing doctors to detect abnormalities and monitor the patient’s heart rate and rhythm. In this article, we’ll explore the different types of cardiac event monitors, how they are used, and the significance of utilizing these devices in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac conditions. We’ll also discuss the benefits of using pediatric cardiologists and surgeons in Gurgaon for cardiac event monitoring.

Types of Cardiac Event Monitors
This section will explain the different types of cardiac event monitors available and their functions. It will cover Holter Monitors, Mobile Cardiac Telemetry Monitors, and Implantable Loop Recorders. Each type of device will be analyzed to evaluate their performance and effectiveness.

Holter Monitors
Holter monitoring is a type of cardiac event monitor used to detect abnormal heart rhythms. It involves attaching electrodes to a patient’s chest and recording electrical signals from their heart while they go about their normal activities. Holter monitors can detect cardiac events such as atrial and ventricular arrhythmias and other events that may be an indicator of heart disease. Holter monitors are especially helpful for pediatric patients who may experience health issues that may not be detected through electrocardiogram testing. Pediatric cardiologists and surgeons in Gurgaon often use Holter monitors to assess heart health in children.

Mobile Cardiac Telemetry Monitors
Recent advancements in technology have enabled Mobile Cardiac Telemetry (MCT) monitors, which are designed to be worn on a patient’s body and can continuously measure and monitor the patient’s heart activity in a non-invasive way. These monitors can detect arrhythmias, detect long and short-term changes in cardiac activity, and alert health care professionals when irregularities arise. MCT monitors are especially beneficial for pediatric patients, and many pediatric cardiologist surgeons in Gurgaon have begun incorporating the use of these monitors into their patient care. In addition to providing accurate heart

monitoring, these devices can help to reduce hospital stays and enable more accurate diagnoses.

Implantable Loop Recorders
(ILR) are a type of cardiac event monitor which are implanted subcutaneously within a patient’s chest. It is a very small device which is typically inserted through a minimally invasive procedure by a pediatric cardiologist or surgeon in Gurgaon. ILRs provide
continuous monitoring for up to two to three years and are most often used to diagnose the cause of infrequent or difficult-to-detect cardiac arrhythmias. The ILR is used for prolonged monitoring periods, such as those that exceed 48 hours, and is less obtrusive than other cardiac event monitors.

How Cardiac Event Monitors Are Used
Cardiac event monitors are devices used to record the heart’s electrical activity. They are used to diagnose and treat cardiac diseases or to evaluate the effectiveness of medications and treatments. Cardiac event monitors are typically worn over the patient’s chest and connected to a device which records and transmits the patient’s heart activity. The recorded data is then accessed by a doctor or a cardiologist who can analyze it to make a diagnosis.

Cardiac event monitors are commonly used in patients presenting with symptoms of atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular tachycardia, and bradycardia. They are also used to investigate syncope, palpitations, chest pains, dizziness, and other symptoms related to cardiac malfunction. In some cases, they can also detect atrial flutter, long QT syndrome, and Brugada syndrome.

Pediatric cardiologists are increasingly using cardiac event monitors for monitoring infants and children. A pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon may recommend that a child undergo a cardiac event monitor test to diagnose or monitor a suspected or existing heart condition or to detect a rhythm abnormality. The device is used to observe heart rhythm patterns in children and infants which may indicate an underlying cardiac condition.

Besides diagnosing cardiac conditions, cardiac event monitors can also be used as a therapeutic device. Implantable loop recorders are cardiac event monitors which are used for long-term monitoring, allowing doctors to closely observe a patient’s heart rate and rhythm. This monitoring allows the doctor to detect any abnormalities in the patient’s heart rate or rhythm and adjust the treatment based on the findings.

In conclusion, cardiac event monitors are an invaluable tool in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac conditions. With their help, doctors are able to diagnose cardiac conditions and adjust treatments to ensure the best treatment outcomes. Pediatric cardiologists in Gurgaon have increasingly been using cardiac event monitors for monitoring infants and children, allowing for early detection and treatment of any underlying cardiac issues.

Detecting Cardiac Arrhythmias
Cardiac event monitors are used to detect arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats). These monitors help diagnose irregular heartbeats that may require further medical attention. Cardiac event monitors can also be used to detect changes in the electrical activity of the heart and to record the patient’s heart activity over a prolonged period of time. This can be incredibly helpful for a pediatric cardiologist surgeon in Gurgaon to monitor a patient’s heart rate and rhythm. By using this data, the cardiologist can more precisely diagnose and treat any cardiac irregularities.

Evaluating Symptoms
In order to accurately detect and diagnose cardiac events, it is important that a healthcare provider evaluates the patient’s symptoms. Pediatric cardiologists and surgeons in Gurgaon have developed technologies and protocols to help accurately assess and diagnose patients for cardiac events. These tools can include physical examinations, electrocardiograms, echocardiography, and cardiac event monitors. By employing these technologies and protocols, healthcare providers can make an accurate diagnosis and provide the best possible care for their patients.

Monitoring Response to Treatment
Cardiac event monitors, such as a Holter monitor, allow doctors to assess the response of cardiac patients to treatment regimens. By tracking a patient’s heart rate and rhythm, event monitoring can help a physician determine if medication dosages need to be adjusted or if a patient needs further evaluation and treatment. A Pediatric cardiologist surgeon in Gurgaon can use cardiac event monitors to assess a patient’s long-term response to treatment, including lifestyle changes, and to diagnose and treat abnormal heart rhythms. Event monitoring can also help in the diagnosis and treatment of heart failure, which is an increasingly common problem in India. Long-term monitoring is especially important when it comes to pediatric patients, as a pediatric cardiologist surgeon in Gurgaon will be able to better manage any potential problems before they become more serious.

Cardiac event monitors are highly valuable tools for medical professionals and their patients. These devices provide important information that can help cardiologists and other medical professionals diagnose and treat cardiovascular diseases, monitor cardiac activity, and adjust medications. They can be used by both adults and children and can provide invaluable insight into cardiac health. In addition, they help improve quality of life and reduce risk of future cardiac events.

Overall, the growing use of cardiac event monitors demonstrates the increasing importance of these devices in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Pediatric

cardiologists and surgeons in Gurgaon, and in other cities around the world, rely on these monitors to help provide timely, evidence-based care for their patients. With their help, these specialists can increase patient safety and improve outcomes, helping to ensure the best possible care for patients of all ages.

in Cardiology

How to choose the best paediatric cardiologist for your child?

Is your child suffering from acute heart disease? Are you considering consulting a cardiologist in your locality? If yes, you better consult a paediatric cardiologist for the best result. A paediatric cardiologist can diagnose your child differently from a regular cardiologist. You can enjoy better treatment for your child by consulting with such a doctor. 

Searching for the best paediatric cardiologist near me on Google can provide numerous results. However, finding the reliable one from them takes a lot of work. Moreover, in places like Delhi, where people want to get more sensitive health care for children treatment, you better consult with such a suitable expert. 

So what can be your next step? How can you find a reliable and experienced paediatric cardiologist? Which metrics should you use for choosing the perfect person? Let’s discuss it. 

Tips for finding the reliable paediatric cardiologist 
The following tips will help you to find the best paediatric cardiologists in India for your child’s health care. 

Create a wide shortlist 
Creating a shortlist can be the first way to make a great decision regarding paediatric cardiologists. With the latest technology, you can have a comprehensive list of doctors who can treat your child’s heart issues. Moreover, choosing from the written names is safer for your child’s health care. 

For instance, you may contact Dr. Manvinder Singh Sachdev, one of the best paediatric cardiologists in India. He can assist you in finding the perfect treatment for your child. You can check the doctor’s bio-data and historical background on websites. Making a list with such an experienced doctor’s name can help you to find the desired result. 

Understand your child’s condition
If you still do not determine your child’s problem, do it fast before consulting a paediatric cardiologist. It will help you broach the conversation with the specialist. If you are advised to consult with a specific paediatric cardiologist, you must have basic knowledge of your child’s issue. 

It is because you can choose the perfect doctor for the treatment. Moreover, finding a doctor to diagnose your child with such problem will be easier for you. 

Ascertain the comfort of a child 
As an acute treatment, child health care involves immense satisfaction regarding the children’s comfort. If your child can’t respond to the treatment, you may not get the ultimate satisfaction regarding the diagnosis. Therefore, ascertaining the child’s comfort is vital when choosing a paediatric cardiologist for your child. 

Searching paediatric cardiologist near me on Google search can provide numerous results, but you must choose the one who can provide your child with the best communication. Moreover, a child’s heart issues must be cleared from the child’s aspect for better treatment. Therefore, you better choose a doctor who can childishly communicate with your child and appropriately treat them. 

Check the hospital infrastructure 
When consulting with a paediatric cardiologist, you must check the hospital infrastructure and other details for better treatment of your children. As one of the best paediatric cardiologists in India, a doctor always coordinates any operations or remedy under the best hospitals in the country. Therefore, evaluating the hospital can provide you better name as a paediatric cardiologist. 

For instance, if you consult with Dr. Manvinder Singh Sachdev, you’ll get the opportunity to get treatment from Fortis Hospital, one of the largest super-specialty hospitals in India. Thus, a connection with a medical institution can provide you with the satisfaction of getting the best choice for a paediatric cardiologist. 

Check whether the concerned doctor can provide treatment in any particular emergency. Those with excellent services who can offer the same can be considered reliable paediatric cardiologists. You can get the utmost satisfaction regarding your child’s health issues. Moreover, the availability helps to make an immediate diagnosis of your child. What can be more preferable than it? 

To make it happen, you may search best paediatric cardiologist near me in Google search, but how can you choose the best one regarding this metric? Therefore, you may consult with Dr. Manvinder Singh Sachdev for reliable treatment for your child. You can make an appointment online for his consultancy and treatment facility. Moreover, as he collaborates with Fortis Hospital, you can directly get his consultancy in the hospital. 

Speak with some previous beneficiary parents 
While choosing a reliable paediatric cardiologist near me, you better speak and get a review from those parents who have benefited early. Talking with them can satisfy you enough to rely upon a paediatric cardiologist. Moreover, in such sensitive issues, a parent can only feel the trouble you are suffering from. Therefore, you can get a reliable referral for your child’s health care. 

Conclusively, searching for the best paediatric cardiologist near me on Google and choosing the desired one from them is different. Therefore, you better consider these tips to get the maximum convenient result. 

in Pediatric Arrhythmia

What is a pediatric arrhythmia? – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment 

An arrhythmia is an abnormal heartbeat that affects people. It can also affect your child. Often these are not risky but can be life-threatening. Most arrhythmias do not require any treatment, but some require treatment. It is better to consult a cardiologist when you find any symptoms of such disease in your child. Though there are no symptoms in most arrhythmias, some include dizziness and fainting. This article will help you understand the disease’s types, causes, symptoms, and treatment procedures. 

What is Arrhythmia? 
An Arrhythmia is an irregular heart rhythm which causes the heart pumping to be less effective. Though it appears mostly in adults, it can also appear in children. Also, some arrhythmias are not risky, but some can be dangerous.  

The part where they started to classify the type of arrhythmias: it can be in the lower chambers or upper chambers. It can happen when the heart beats too slow, too fast or in an abnormal pattern.  

Types of Arrhythmia 
It depends on the heartbeat of your children that defines the type of Arrthymia. Pediatric Arrhythmia can be of the following types: 

  1. Long-Q-T syndrome (LQTS): This type is inherited from the parents into children. Mostly it affects young adults and children. You may find no symptom of this in your child or your child fainting often. It may also give rise to cardiac arrest. 
  1. Premature ventricular contraction (PVC) or Premature atrial contraction (PAC): PVCs and PACs are irregular beats in the heart’s upper chambers (atria) or lower chambers (ventricles). They are most common in teens and children. These types are often considered harmless and completely normal.  
  1. Sinus tachycardia: A fast heartbeat arises with excitement, exercise and fever. It is usually normal.  
  1. Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), paroxysmal atrial tachycardia (PAT), or supraventricular tachycardia (SVT): It is the most known tachycardia in children that requires treatment. The main cause is an irregular electric circuit or focal point in the atria leading to fast heartbeats. 
  1. Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. This irregular electrical signal travels through an additional electrical pathway before reaching the ventricle. It is congenital and can lead to a sudden heart attack. The common symptom includes fast heart rhythm or no symptoms.  
  1. Ventricular tachycardia (VT). Caused by severe heart disease, VT is a deadly arrhythmia. The main causes of this disease include a very rapid electrical motion from the ventricles. It leads to dizziness, weakness, faintness, tiredness and palpitations in children.  
  1. Sick sinus syndrome. When the genuine pacemaker of the heart doesn’t work properly, it can cause slow heart rhythms leading to sinus. It mostly occurs in children who have already had open heart surgery. A child can have zero symptoms or feel dizzy and tired and may faint. 
  1. Complete heart block. Blocking electrical signals to the ventricles from the atria can lead to a complete heart block. It can cause slower heartbeats in children. The problem arises with any heart disease or after a heart operation that might make a kid dizzy. 

What are the causes of Arrhythmia? 

There are main unknown causes of pediatric arrhythmia, but some of the known causes include: 

  • Congenital heart problems  
  • Inherited heart diseases 
  • Infection 
  • The regular reaction due to fever, exercise or emotions 
  • Abnormal electrical conduction 
  • Modification in the heart’s structure 
  • Irregular blood levels of some substances 

What are the symptoms of Arrhythmia? 

It depends on your child’s maturity and age, which helps you recognise the symptoms. Often grown-up children tell the problem to their parents easily. However, the following are symptoms you may find in your child that can lead to arrhythmia: 

  • Feeling tired 
  • Feeling dizzy 
  • Feeling weak 
  • Fainting (syncope) 
  • Low blood pressure 
  • Having a racing heart sensation (heart palpitations) 
  • Not eating or feeding properly 

If your child complains about any of these symptoms or you find them in your child, immediately, you should consult a cardiologist.  

With the acknowledgement of a child’s medical history and bodily check-ups, the doctor conducts many tests. These tests include: 

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) 
  • Exercise EKG 
  • Event monitor or Holter 
  • Electrophysiologic study (EPS) 
  • Continuous recording 
  • rest/stress myocardial perfusion imaging 

Treatment Procedures for Arrhythmia 

Not every arrhythmia requires treatment. It is only when your child’s arrhythmia causes symptoms that require treatment. The procedures can be: 

  1. Medications 
    Your child can correct abnormal heart patterns or lower rapid heartbeats by taking medications from a cardiologist. 
  1. Cardioversion 
    A minute electrical shock can stop suitable fast arrhythmias. 
  1. Ablation 
    A pediatric cardiologist places a minute, thin tube into the child’s heart through the blood vessels in the arm or groin. It freezes or heats the tissue over the arrhythmia area. 
  1. Pacemaker  
    To regulate or start a slow heartbeat, a cardiologist uses a small device under the skin which passes electric signals. 
  1. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). A cardiologist place a small device alike a pacemaker under the skin to sense the heartbeat rate. It also delivers a minute electrical shock in the heart when the heartbeat is rapid. 

When these treatments don’t work, a cardiologist suggests surgery like a maze procedure or ablation. 

You should not let go when your child complains about any symptoms mentioned above. It is wiser to seek medical advice in such situations

in Congenital Heart Disease

The Signs and Prevention of Congenital Heart Defects

A healthy baby is what every parent wishes for when they find out they are pregnant. However, some babies are born with health disorders known as congenital diseases in medical terms. A Congenital Heart Defect means a baby is born with a heart that does not function as a normal heart would. Although there is no specific reason for such a health condition in new-born babies, these can cause severe health problems in the future if not treated well. Some congenital heart defects can be left untreated as they might not pose any risk, but some need proper treatment as soon as they are diagnosed. Therefore, as soon as a child shows the signs of a heart problem, the child should immediately be taken to a heart specialist like Dr Manvinder Singh Sachdev, the best pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon.

The Reasons Behind Congenital Heart Diseases in Children

There are many reasons for an unborn baby to develop a heart defect while inside its mother’s womb. The medical description of the reasons is too long and detailed to discuss. Therefore, here is a summary of the causes of developing a congenital heart defect-

  • The presence of a hole in the walls of the heart chambers.
  • The malformation of the heart valves where the problem lies in the opening and closing of the valves.
  • Some babies are even born with multiple heart defects, which results in a dysfunctional cardiovascular system.

Only a good cardiologist in Gurgaon can detect other congenital heart defects like pulmonary atresia, tricuspid atresia, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, etc.

Reasons for Congenital Heart Defects in Children

When an adult develops a heart problem, the reasons include smoking, drinking, bad food habits, various health factors like cholesterol, and lack of exercise. However, in congenital heart defects, the reason mostly is an abnormal formation and functionality of the heart, which can develop without any reason. The best cardiologist in Gurgaon can guide you on this. However, here are some reasons that can trigger a congenital heart problem-

· Genetics- Many congenital heart defects run in the family. Genetics is one of the reasons why your baby might have a malfunctioning heart.

· Diabetes- If the mother has uncontrolled blood sugar during or before the pregnancy, the baby has a high chance of congenital heart defects.

· Medications- Certain medications increase the chances of congenital heart defects or diseases in the baby. You should discuss your medications with a doctor before you conceive.

· Rubella- If you have Rubella during your pregnancy, that may affect your baby’s heart development.

· Consumption of Alcohol or smoking during pregnancy- Drinking alcohol and smoking tobacco during your pregnancy can result in many health complications in the baby, including a congenital heart defect.

If you are searching for a good pediatric cardiologist in India, Dr Manvinder is your ideal choice.

Signs of a Congenital Heart Defect in Children

Many signs of a congenital heart defect go unnoticed as the symptoms are mild and insignificant. However, severe heart problems show prominent signs, such as-

  • Unusually heavy breathing. When a child is seen breathing heavily or rapidly, you must take them for a check-up or diagnosis.
  • Cyanosis or bluing of nails, tongue, or lips
  • Panting during feeding resulting in weight loss
  • Swelled legs, abdomen, or puffiness around the eyes

Congenital heart defects are sometimes difficult to detect unless the child grows a little older. The signs of a congenital heart defect in older children are-

  • Breathlessness while working out or other heavy physical activities.
  • Easily getting exhausted during physical exercises and activities.
  • Losing consciousness while exercising or performing physical activities or heavy exercises.
  • Hands or feet getting swelled without reason.

If your child shows any of these symptoms, you must consult an expert cardiologist in Gurgaon if you live nearby.

Treatment of Congenital Heart Defects in Children

As a child is brought to a pediatric cardiologist having shown one or more of the signs mentioned earlier, doctors conduct several tests like MRI, Echocardiogram, Electrocardiogram, Chest X-ray, etc. After that, depending on the reports, doctors decide on the ideal treatment the child needs. The treatments include-

1. Balloon Valvuloplasty – It is a treatment that is suggested in cases of aortic valve stenosis. The treatment depends on how narrow the aortic valve is.

2. Surgical Procedure – If your child develops a coarctation of the aorta, the child may undergo surgery to reinstate the blood flow through the aorta within the first few days of birth. Surgery is also recommended in conditions like Tetralogy of Fallot.

3. Medicinal Support– Some congenital heart defect like Ebstein’s anomaly or Patent ductus arteriosus needs only medicinal help to be treated. Dr Manvinder is a veteran pediatric cardiologist you can consult to discuss the treatments and procedures.

Most congenital heart defect problems are so mild that they don’t need to be treated or can be treated with medicines. However, some severe heart issues in babies and children need to be addressed and might require surgical support. An annual health checkup is important. It can be more frequent in cases of babies.

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in Heart Defects
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in Uncategorized

What is a Blue Baby Syndrome? – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Infant Methemoglobinemia is popularly known as the blue baby syndrome, wherein the baby appears to be blue as the blood is unable to carry enough oxygen because of less hemoglobin in the blood. Hemoglobin, an essential protein for the blood that helps the blood carry necessary oxygen, is sometimes found in reduced quantities in the baby’s blood. This results in the blood’s inability to carry oxygen. That is why the baby’s skin turns blue because of the absence of oxygen-rich blood. This condition is termed the blue baby syndrome, which is very common in developing countries and rural areas. If you live around Delhi-NCR, you must consult a good pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon if anything like this occurs.

What are the Reasons for Blue Baby Syndrome?
In a normal human body, the blood goes into the lungs to get oxygen, which is distributed in every part of the body. However, with certain heart defects and a reduced hemoglobin level, the blood is deprived of enough oxygen to send to the cells, tissues, and organs. Such a condition causes the blue skin in the baby, which means the blood in the baby is oxygen-deprived. Some other causes of Infant Methemoglobinemia or Blue Baby Syndrome are-

1. Tetralogy of Fallot– Tetralogy of Fallot or TOF is a congenital heart defect that roughly means four types of heart defects that causes oxygen-poor blood to flow in the baby’s body due to reduced blood flow. The four defects are:
· A hole between the ventricles.
· Displacement of the aorta.
· An increased thickness in the wall of the right ventricle.
· A blockage in the valve joining the right ventricle and the pulmonary arteries.
You must go for regular check-ups at an expert cardiologist in Gurgaon to treat such a heart condition.

2. Methemoglobinemia- This is a heart condition in babies under 6 months old wherein an excessive amount of methemoglobin is produced. The nitrate in the body gets converted to nitrite and mixed with the blood to form methemoglobin. Methemoglobin is a form of haemoglobin that cannot release oxygen to the cells, which causes the babies to turn blue. Consulting the best pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon at the earliest can help treat the condition well.

3. Gestational Diabetes– This type of diabetes develops during the gestational period because of uncontrolled blood sugar in pregnancy.

Other causes of the blue baby syndrome include other heart defects like Pulmonary atresia, Tricuspid atresia, Pulmonary hypertension, Truncus arteriosus, transpositional arteries, Hypoplastic left heart syndrome, Hypoplastic left heart syndrome, etc.

Signs of Blue Baby Syndrome
Identifying a blue baby syndrome or Infant Methemoglobinemia is easy as the most common sign of such a heart condition is the hands, feet and the area around the mouth getting a bluish tinge. The most common symptom of blue baby syndrome is a blue discolouration of the skin around the mouth, hands, and feet. This condition is called cyanosis, which means

the baby’s blood lacks enough oxygen. If your baby shows one or more of the following signs, you must take them to a good pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon if you live nearby.
Some of the other symptoms of Blue Baby Syndrome are-
. Tiredness
· Not being able to feed properly
· Unstable temperament issue
· Poor weight gain
· Poor development
· Deformity of fingers and toes.
· Breathing issues and shortness of breath.
· Nausea and vomiting
· Diarrhoea 
· Sudden fainting
· Abnormality is saliva production.
· Seizures

Diagnosis Procedures
When a doctor receives a complaint that an infant is going through one or more of the symptoms mentioned above, they first note down their medical history, followed by physical examinations. A Paediatrician conducts various tests to confirm the reason behind such a health condition. The tests that are performed on the baby are-
· Several blood tests are to see the functioning of the heart.
. An X-ray of the chest to understand the condition of the lungs and the heart.
. Electrocardiogram to examine the electrical activities of the baby’s heart.
. Echocardiogram to further check if there is any deformity in the heart.
· A pulse oximetry is to determine the oxygen saturation in the blood.

After performing all these tests, doctors can determine if the baby is suffering from Infant Methemoglobinemia and the reasons behind it. After that, the baby is referred to the best pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon or any other city to have the treatment started.

Treatment for Blue Baby Syndrome

Expert cardiologists follow two types of treatment procedures. These are-

1. Surgical Way of Treating Blue Baby Syndrome –
In case the reason is a congenital heart defect, a surgical process is recommended. The doctors suggest an Intra-Cardiac Corrective repair of tetralogy to repair of the ventricular septal deformity. This will help the blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta without any restrictions. This surgical procedure also fixes the thickened pulmonary valve and enlarges the pulmonary arteries to increase the blood flow to the lungs.

2. Medicinal Way of Treating Blue Baby Syndrome –
The medical way is to take an intravenous Methylene Blue to treat the blue baby syndrome and take preventive measures like avoiding consuming contaminated water from wells or ponds.

For treating severe blue baby syndrome, an experienced pediatric cardiologist is recommended. Dr Manvinder Singh Sachdev has been practising for years and has mastered the field of pediatric cardiology. You know where to go if you want a cardiologist for your baby with country-wide popularity.

Blue baby syndrome is a rare health condition that has a moderate prognosis. If untreated, it may cause many other complications and even loss of life.

in Cardiology

Everything you need to know about pediatric cardiology

Pediatric cardiology involves the treatment of heart ailments in children. Heart diseases in children can be a cause of serious concern, and parents need to find an experienced pediatric cardiologist for the right treatment of their children. The right pediatric cardiologist in Haryana will ensure that your child’s ailment is diagnosed properly and that he or she receives the best treatment possible. In this post, we will discuss everything you need to know about pediatric cardiology. 

What are some of the common heart ailments in children? 
There are several types of heart diseases that affect children. Some of the most common heart diseases in children are Kawasaki disease, congenital heart disease, aortic disease, and arrhythmias. 

What are some common symptoms of heart disease in children? 
Some of the most common symptoms of heart disease in children are: 

1) Rapid heartbeat 
2) Rapid breathing 
3) Extreme tiredness 
4) Dizziness 
5) Chest pain 

If your child has a symptom of heart disease, you need to take him or her to a pediatric cardiologist as soon as possible. Taking your child to a child heart specialist in Gurgaon at the earliest will ensure that he or she receives early treatment for their heart ailment if present. 

How to prepare your child for heart surgery? 
If your child has a heart ailment that needs an operation, it is important for you to know how you can prepare him or her. Some of the things you must ensure while preparing your child for a heart operation are listed below: 

1) Make sure your child is comfortable
Hospitals, doctors, and the whole medical environment can make your child nervous. However, to prevent nervousness, you can bring things your child likes, such as his or her favorite toys, books, etc., so their mind stays in a calm, controlled, and comfortable environment.  

2) Ensure your child follows the necessary diet restrictions 
If your child’s pediatric cardiologist has put some diet restrictions before his or her surgery, you must make certain that these restrictions are followed.  

3) Ensure your child receives adequate sleep before the day of surgery
Before the day of your child’s heart surgery, you need to make certain that he or she receives enough sleep. Your child should not feel tired on the day of their heart surgery, and therefore this is important. 

How can parents prepare before their child’s heart surgery? 
If your child has to undergo heart surgery, it is natural for you to be not in the best state of mind. However, you need to be mentally healthy to support your child during his or her surgery. Given below are some of the ways you can prepare yourself before your child’s heart surgery: 

1) Take deep breaths 
Take deep breaths before your child’s heart surgery to ensure that you do not get too nervous and are able to be in a collected state of mind. 

2) Follow the doctor’s instructions 
Adhere to whatever instructions your child’s pediatric cardiologist has given to you before the day of your child’s surgery. 

What are the different options for your child’s heart treatment? 
For your child’s heart treatment, there are usually two options, medication and surgery. If your child’s heart ailment is something mild, just medication might be suggested by a pediatric cardiologist in Haryana. However, children who suffer from severe heart ailments most often get prescribed surgery.  

How is a child’s heart ailment detected? 
There are several ways in which a child’s heart ailment might be detected. Some of the most common ways heart ailments in children get detected are by chest x-ray, blood tests, ECG, and echocardiogram.  

How to keep your child’s heart healthy? 
For your child’s heart to be healthy, parents can do certain things. Some of the things parents can do to make certain their child has a healthy heart are listed below: 

1) Ensure that they receive enough exercise :
If your child is involved in an adequate amount of exercise every day, it can benefit their cardiovascular health greatly. 

2) Limit salt consumption :
Excessive salt consumption is not recommended for any child keeping in mind their heart health. Therefore, ensure that you limit your child’s salt consumption. 

3) Create a positive environment for your child :
Children who are raised in a positive environment often have better heart health. Therefore, you must ensure that your child grows up in an environment that is filled with positivity. 

4) Ensure that your child is on a healthy diet  :
Include food items in your child’s diet that are healthy for his or her heart. On the contrary, limit your child from consuming food items that are harmful to their heart. 

The bottom line 
If you are searching for a pediatric cardiologist, you can consider selecting Dr Manvinder Singh. He has successfully treated several children to get them rid from their heart ailments. Dr Manvinder Singh is one of the best pediatric cardiologists in Gurgaon and has years of experience in the field and thus is a trusted name when it comes to pediatric cardiology treatment.  

in Pediatric Ventricular Septal Defects 

Everything You Need to Know About Pediatric Ventricular Septal Defects 

Pediatric ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital heart defect that can cause significant health problems for young children. It is one of the most common types of congenital heart defects in children, and it can have serious health consequences if not treated correctly. In this blog post, we’ll discuss what VSD is, how it’s diagnosed, and how it’s treated. We’ll also discuss the potential risks and long-term outcomes associated with VSD. By the end of this post, you should be well-informed about pediatric VSD and how to best manage it. 

What is a ventricular septal defect? 
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole in the wall between the two lower chambers of the heart, known as the ventricles. It is a common congenital heart defect in infants, affecting around 8 out of every 1,000 newborns.  

VSD can cause oxygen-rich blood to mix with oxygen-poor blood, leading to abnormal blood flow and pressure in the heart. If left untreated, it can lead to serious complications, such as lung problems and heart failure. Early detection and treatment are key to minimizing the potential long-term effects. 

How do ventricular septal defects occur? 
Pediatric ventricular septal defects (VSDs) are common heart defect that occurs when there is an abnormal hole in the wall between the two lower chambers of the heart. It can be present at birth, but may not always be detected until later in life. 

VSDs typically occur as a result of abnormal formation during fetal development. This can happen when the septum, which normally separates the two ventricles, does not close completely or develops with a hole in it. Other causes can include genetics and certain infections or conditions that the mother has during pregnancy. 

Though VSDs are most commonly seen in newborns, they can also occur later on in childhood. If left untreated, they can lead to serious health issues such as arrhythmias and heart failure. Therefore, it is important to diagnose and treat them as soon as possible. 

What are the symptoms of a ventricular septal defect? 
Pediatric ventricular septal defects (VSDs) are a type of congenital heart defect that affects children. The most common symptom of a VSD is a heart murmur, which is an extra or unusual sound made by the heart. Other signs and symptoms may include shortness of breath, excessive sweating, fatigue, and poor growth.  

Some children may also experience chest pain and palpitations. In some cases, a VSD can lead to serious complications such as stroke, heart failure, and pulmonary hypertension. If you suspect your child has a VSD, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent long-term complications and improve quality of life. 

How is a ventricular septal defect diagnosed? 
Pediatric ventricular septal defects (VSD) are a type of heart defect that affects the wall separating the two lower chambers of the heart. Diagnosis of a VSD is typically done through a physical examination and medical history review, as well as a series of tests including an electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiogram, chest X-ray, and cardiac MRI.  

If a VSD is suspected, your doctor may order an echocardiogram to take pictures of the heart and blood flow. An ECG may also be used to look for irregularities in the heart’s electrical activity. Chest X-rays can help your doctor get a better view of the size and shape of the defect.  

Finally, a cardiac MRI can provide detailed images of the heart’s structure and its blood vessels. Early diagnosis and treatment of VSDs can reduce the risk of complications and improve the quality of life for children with this condition. 

What are the complications of a ventricular septal defect? 
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole in the wall between the two lower chambers of the heart. While VSDs can be present at birth, they can also develop later on in life. Unfortunately, there are several potential complications associated with having a VSD.  

These include congestive heart failure, stroke, arrhythmia, and pulmonary hypertension. In some cases, surgical intervention is necessary to close the defect and prevent the risks associated with this condition. However, for many people, regular monitoring of their VSD and lifestyle modifications may be enough to reduce the risk of complications. 

What is the prognosis for a child with a ventricular septal defect? 
The prognosis for a child with a ventricular septal defect (VSD) is generally very good. Most VSDs will close on their own over time, although some may require surgical intervention. With proper diagnosis and care, the long-term prognosis is typically excellent and the majority of patients can lead normal healthy lives. 

Ventricular septal defects (VSDs) are one of the most common congenital heart defects in children, but many parents don’t know much about them. In this blog post, we’ll be discussing pediatric VSDs and what it means for your child. We’ll look at the types of VSDs, the symptoms, how they are diagnosed, the treatments available, and what the long-term prognosis is for these conditions.  

in Heart Defects

All You Need to Know About Fetal Echocardiography

Fetal echocardiography is an ultrasound test that evaluates the health of a baby’s heart while in the womb. It can provide insight into potential structural and functional problems with the fetal heart before birth, allowing for early diagnosis and treatment. This post will provide a comprehensive overview of fetal echocardiography and its conditions and treatments, so that expectant parents can understand the importance of this test and how it can benefit their baby’s health.

What is Fetal Echocardiography?
Fetal echocardiography is an ultrasound scan of a baby’s heart before birth. This type of ultrasound gives a detailed picture of the baby’s heart structure and functioning. It helps doctors diagnose any potential defects or conditions that may need to be addressed before, during, or after delivery.

Fetal echocardiography can identify abnormalities in the heart’s size, structure, or functioning, as well as help, diagnose and treat heart problems before birth. The results of fetal echocardiography can be used to plan for labor and delivery and to provide prenatal care and treatment.

What Conditions Are Treated With Fetal Echocardiography?
Fetal echocardiography is a non-invasive procedure used to evaluate the heart of an unborn baby. It is used to detect any congenital heart defects or structural problems with the fetal heart. The goal of the procedure is to diagnose any potential issues before birth so that they can be treated and managed after birth.

The most common conditions treated with fetal echocardiography are:
⦁ Congenital Heart Defects – These can include problems with the way the heart works, such as missing valves or abnormal blood flow through the heart.

⦁ Structural Abnormalities – These can include abnormal shapes in the chambers of the heart, or holes between them.

⦁ Valve Problems – These can include leaking or narrowing of valves, which can affect blood flow.

⦁ Aortic Stenosis – This occurs when there is an obstruction in the aorta, which is the main artery that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body.

⦁ Atrial Septal Defects (ASDs) – This is a hole between two chambers in the upper part of the heart.

⦁ Pulmonary Stenosis – This occurs when the pulmonary valve is too narrow, obstructing blood flow.

These conditions can be detected with fetal echocardiography, and treatment plans can be created after birth. In some cases, surgery may be necessary, while other treatments might include medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes.

It’s important to note that not all birth defects can be detected prenatally with fetal echocardiography, but this procedure can give doctors and parents peace of mind and help them prepare for any potential treatments that may be needed after birth.

How is Fetal Echocardiography Performed?
Fetal echocardiography is a prenatal ultrasound test used to assess the heart health of an unborn baby. It uses sound waves to create images of the heart, allowing doctors to check for potential heart defects.

During the procedure, a technician applies ultrasound gel to the mother’s abdomen and then uses a handheld device, called a transducer, to send and receive sound waves. The sound waves bounce off the baby’s heart and are reflected the transducer, creating images of the heart on a monitor.

This test is usually performed between 18 and 24 weeks of pregnancy and can take 30 to 60 minutes. The ultrasound technician will ask the mother to drink plenty of fluids before the test so that there is enough amniotic fluid around the baby’s heart to obtain clear images. During the procedure, the technician will take several images of the baby’s heart from various angles. He or she may also measure the size and shape of the heart chambers and evaluate how well the valves are functioning.

Fetal echocardiography can help diagnose a variety of conditions, including congenital heart defects, structural abnormalities, and rhythm disturbances.

It can also detect issues such as fetal arrhythmias, patent ductus arteriosus, and obstructive lesions in the heart. If an abnormality is detected during the procedure, further testing may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis and determine an appropriate treatment plan.

What Are The Risks Associated With Fetal Echocardiography?
Fetal echocardiography is a safe and non-invasive procedure, but there are some risks associated with it. These include a slight risk of fetal movement, as well as rare instances of bleeding and infection.

Your doctor can explain the risks and discuss any concerns you may have. Additionally, fetal echocardiography does require the use of ultrasound, which may cause mild discomfort for the expectant mother. However, the benefits of this procedure typically far outweigh the risks.

Fetal Echocardiography is an important tool for detecting heart issues in unborn babies. It allows physicians to gain insight into the baby’s heart health and detect any potential heart issues before birth. With this information, expectant parents can be better informed about their baby’s heart health before birth.

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February 27, 2023
in Heart Block

What Is Heart Block in Children? Its Risk Factors and Treatment

Heart block is a serious condition that can affect children of all ages, but it is particularly concerning in infants and young children. It occurs when the electrical signals that control the heart’s rhythm are disrupted, causing the heart to beat too slowly or erratically.

When this happens, the heart may not be able to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. In this blog post, we’ll explore what heart block is, its risk factors, and available treatments for this condition.

What is heart block in children?
Heart block in children is a condition that affects the electrical system of the heart. It occurs when the electrical signals that travel between the upper and lower chambers of the heart (known as the atria and ventricles) are disrupted. This disruption can cause the heart to beat too slowly or too fast, or even to stop beating altogether. Heart block is a serious condition that can have life-threatening consequences if it is not properly treated.

There are three types of heart block in children: First-degree, second-degree, and third-degree. First-degree heart block is the least serious and usually doesn’t require treatment. Second-degree and third-degree heart blocks are more serious and may require medical intervention.

Its risk factors
When it comes to heart block in children, it is important to understand the risk factors associated with this condition. Heart block occurs when electrical impulses that carry signals from the upper chambers of the heart to the lower chambers are blocked or slowed down. This can cause the heart to beat too slowly or irregularly.

The most common risk factors for heart block in children include congenital heart defects, such as septal defects or patent ductus arteriosus, as well as abnormal heart rhythms and certain genetic syndromes. Premature babies, especially those born before 37 weeks gestation, are also at higher risk for developing heart block. In addition, certain medical conditions such as diabetes and obesity can increase the chances of developing these conditions.

It is important to diagnose heart block early on so that treatment can be started right away. If left untreated, it can lead to serious health problems such as cardiac arrhythmia, stroke, and even death.

Fortunately, most cases of heart block can be treated successfully with medications and lifestyle changes. In some cases, surgery may be required to repair the underlying problem causing the blockage.

Its treatment
When it comes to treating heart block in children, there are a variety of options available. The treatment chosen by your doctor will depend on the type and severity of the heart block present.

The most common form of treatment is the implantation of a pacemaker. This device helps to regulate the electrical impulses within the heart and can be used to restore normal rhythm. Pacemakers can be either single-chamber or dual-chamber devices and are usually implanted directly under the skin. The placement of a pacemaker requires surgery and can be quite invasive. It is important to discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor before making a decision.

In some cases, medications may be prescribed to help treat heart block. These medications are designed to help regulate the heart rate and reduce the symptoms associated with the condition. These medications must be taken as prescribed and monitored closely by your doctor.

Surgery may also be necessary if the heart block is severe or persistent. This type of surgery is known as catheter ablation and involves using a small device inserted through the veins to destroy tissue that is causing electrical disturbances in the heart. Surgery is typically recommended for more advanced cases and carries certain risks. It is important to discuss these risks with your doctor before proceeding with any type of treatment.

Finally, lifestyle changes may also help to reduce the risk of developing heart block. Regular exercise, a healthy diet, and stress management are all important parts of managing this condition. Your doctor will be able to provide advice on how to make lifestyle changes that are beneficial for your health.

It is important to work closely with your doctor to find the right treatment plan for you or your child. With the right approach and treatment, it is possible to control heart block and reduce its symptoms.

Heart block in children is a serious condition that occurs when there is an interruption in the electrical signals passing between the upper and lower chambers of the heart. This can lead to a disruption in the normal rhythm of the heartbeat, causing the heart to beat too slowly or too quickly. While this condition is rare, it is important to understand the risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment options for heart block in children. In this blog post, we’ll discuss what heart block is in children, its associated risk factors, and the available treatment options.