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in Cardiology

Everything you need to know about pediatric cardiology

Pediatric cardiology involves the treatment of heart ailments in children. Heart diseases in children can be a cause of serious concern, and parents need to find an experienced pediatric cardiologist for the right treatment of their children. The right pediatric cardiologist in Haryana will ensure that your child’s ailment is diagnosed properly and that he or she receives the best treatment possible. In this post, we will discuss everything you need to know about pediatric cardiology. 

What are some of the common heart ailments in children? 
There are several types of heart diseases that affect children. Some of the most common heart diseases in children are Kawasaki disease, congenital heart disease, aortic disease, and arrhythmias. 

What are some common symptoms of heart disease in children? 
Some of the most common symptoms of heart disease in children are: 

1) Rapid heartbeat 
2) Rapid breathing 
3) Extreme tiredness 
4) Dizziness 
5) Chest pain 

If your child has a symptom of heart disease, you need to take him or her to a pediatric cardiologist as soon as possible. Taking your child to a child heart specialist in Gurgaon at the earliest will ensure that he or she receives early treatment for their heart ailment if present. 

How to prepare your child for heart surgery? 
If your child has a heart ailment that needs an operation, it is important for you to know how you can prepare him or her. Some of the things you must ensure while preparing your child for a heart operation are listed below: 

1) Make sure your child is comfortable
Hospitals, doctors, and the whole medical environment can make your child nervous. However, to prevent nervousness, you can bring things your child likes, such as his or her favorite toys, books, etc., so their mind stays in a calm, controlled, and comfortable environment.  

2) Ensure your child follows the necessary diet restrictions 
If your child’s pediatric cardiologist has put some diet restrictions before his or her surgery, you must make certain that these restrictions are followed.  

3) Ensure your child receives adequate sleep before the day of surgery
Before the day of your child’s heart surgery, you need to make certain that he or she receives enough sleep. Your child should not feel tired on the day of their heart surgery, and therefore this is important. 

How can parents prepare before their child’s heart surgery? 
If your child has to undergo heart surgery, it is natural for you to be not in the best state of mind. However, you need to be mentally healthy to support your child during his or her surgery. Given below are some of the ways you can prepare yourself before your child’s heart surgery: 

1) Take deep breaths 
Take deep breaths before your child’s heart surgery to ensure that you do not get too nervous and are able to be in a collected state of mind. 

2) Follow the doctor’s instructions 
Adhere to whatever instructions your child’s pediatric cardiologist has given to you before the day of your child’s surgery. 

What are the different options for your child’s heart treatment? 
For your child’s heart treatment, there are usually two options, medication and surgery. If your child’s heart ailment is something mild, just medication might be suggested by a pediatric cardiologist in Haryana. However, children who suffer from severe heart ailments most often get prescribed surgery.  

How is a child’s heart ailment detected? 
There are several ways in which a child’s heart ailment might be detected. Some of the most common ways heart ailments in children get detected are by chest x-ray, blood tests, ECG, and echocardiogram.  

How to keep your child’s heart healthy? 
For your child’s heart to be healthy, parents can do certain things. Some of the things parents can do to make certain their child has a healthy heart are listed below: 

1) Ensure that they receive enough exercise :
If your child is involved in an adequate amount of exercise every day, it can benefit their cardiovascular health greatly. 

2) Limit salt consumption :
Excessive salt consumption is not recommended for any child keeping in mind their heart health. Therefore, ensure that you limit your child’s salt consumption. 

3) Create a positive environment for your child :
Children who are raised in a positive environment often have better heart health. Therefore, you must ensure that your child grows up in an environment that is filled with positivity. 

4) Ensure that your child is on a healthy diet  :
Include food items in your child’s diet that are healthy for his or her heart. On the contrary, limit your child from consuming food items that are harmful to their heart. 

The bottom line 
If you are searching for a pediatric cardiologist, you can consider selecting Dr Manvinder Singh. He has successfully treated several children to get them rid from their heart ailments. Dr Manvinder Singh is one of the best pediatric cardiologists in Gurgaon and has years of experience in the field and thus is a trusted name when it comes to pediatric cardiology treatment.  

in Pediatric Ventricular Septal Defects 

Everything You Need to Know About Pediatric Ventricular Septal Defects 

Pediatric ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital heart defect that can cause significant health problems for young children. It is one of the most common types of congenital heart defects in children, and it can have serious health consequences if not treated correctly. In this blog post, we’ll discuss what VSD is, how it’s diagnosed, and how it’s treated. We’ll also discuss the potential risks and long-term outcomes associated with VSD. By the end of this post, you should be well-informed about pediatric VSD and how to best manage it. 

What is a ventricular septal defect? 
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole in the wall between the two lower chambers of the heart, known as the ventricles. It is a common congenital heart defect in infants, affecting around 8 out of every 1,000 newborns.  

VSD can cause oxygen-rich blood to mix with oxygen-poor blood, leading to abnormal blood flow and pressure in the heart. If left untreated, it can lead to serious complications, such as lung problems and heart failure. Early detection and treatment are key to minimizing the potential long-term effects. 

How do ventricular septal defects occur? 
Pediatric ventricular septal defects (VSDs) are common heart defect that occurs when there is an abnormal hole in the wall between the two lower chambers of the heart. It can be present at birth, but may not always be detected until later in life. 

VSDs typically occur as a result of abnormal formation during fetal development. This can happen when the septum, which normally separates the two ventricles, does not close completely or develops with a hole in it. Other causes can include genetics and certain infections or conditions that the mother has during pregnancy. 

Though VSDs are most commonly seen in newborns, they can also occur later on in childhood. If left untreated, they can lead to serious health issues such as arrhythmias and heart failure. Therefore, it is important to diagnose and treat them as soon as possible. 

What are the symptoms of a ventricular septal defect? 
Pediatric ventricular septal defects (VSDs) are a type of congenital heart defect that affects children. The most common symptom of a VSD is a heart murmur, which is an extra or unusual sound made by the heart. Other signs and symptoms may include shortness of breath, excessive sweating, fatigue, and poor growth.  

Some children may also experience chest pain and palpitations. In some cases, a VSD can lead to serious complications such as stroke, heart failure, and pulmonary hypertension. If you suspect your child has a VSD, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent long-term complications and improve quality of life. 

How is a ventricular septal defect diagnosed? 
Pediatric ventricular septal defects (VSD) are a type of heart defect that affects the wall separating the two lower chambers of the heart. Diagnosis of a VSD is typically done through a physical examination and medical history review, as well as a series of tests including an electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiogram, chest X-ray, and cardiac MRI.  

If a VSD is suspected, your doctor may order an echocardiogram to take pictures of the heart and blood flow. An ECG may also be used to look for irregularities in the heart’s electrical activity. Chest X-rays can help your doctor get a better view of the size and shape of the defect.  

Finally, a cardiac MRI can provide detailed images of the heart’s structure and its blood vessels. Early diagnosis and treatment of VSDs can reduce the risk of complications and improve the quality of life for children with this condition. 

What are the complications of a ventricular septal defect? 
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole in the wall between the two lower chambers of the heart. While VSDs can be present at birth, they can also develop later on in life. Unfortunately, there are several potential complications associated with having a VSD.  

These include congestive heart failure, stroke, arrhythmia, and pulmonary hypertension. In some cases, surgical intervention is necessary to close the defect and prevent the risks associated with this condition. However, for many people, regular monitoring of their VSD and lifestyle modifications may be enough to reduce the risk of complications. 

What is the prognosis for a child with a ventricular septal defect? 
The prognosis for a child with a ventricular septal defect (VSD) is generally very good. Most VSDs will close on their own over time, although some may require surgical intervention. With proper diagnosis and care, the long-term prognosis is typically excellent and the majority of patients can lead normal healthy lives. 

Ventricular septal defects (VSDs) are one of the most common congenital heart defects in children, but many parents don’t know much about them. In this blog post, we’ll be discussing pediatric VSDs and what it means for your child. We’ll look at the types of VSDs, the symptoms, how they are diagnosed, the treatments available, and what the long-term prognosis is for these conditions.  

in Heart Defects

All You Need to Know About Fetal Echocardiography

Fetal echocardiography is an ultrasound test that evaluates the health of a baby’s heart while in the womb. It can provide insight into potential structural and functional problems with the fetal heart before birth, allowing for early diagnosis and treatment. This post will provide a comprehensive overview of fetal echocardiography and its conditions and treatments, so that expectant parents can understand the importance of this test and how it can benefit their baby’s health.

What is Fetal Echocardiography?
Fetal echocardiography is an ultrasound scan of a baby’s heart before birth. This type of ultrasound gives a detailed picture of the baby’s heart structure and functioning. It helps doctors diagnose any potential defects or conditions that may need to be addressed before, during, or after delivery.

Fetal echocardiography can identify abnormalities in the heart’s size, structure, or functioning, as well as help, diagnose and treat heart problems before birth. The results of fetal echocardiography can be used to plan for labor and delivery and to provide prenatal care and treatment.

What Conditions Are Treated With Fetal Echocardiography?
Fetal echocardiography is a non-invasive procedure used to evaluate the heart of an unborn baby. It is used to detect any congenital heart defects or structural problems with the fetal heart. The goal of the procedure is to diagnose any potential issues before birth so that they can be treated and managed after birth.

The most common conditions treated with fetal echocardiography are:
⦁ Congenital Heart Defects – These can include problems with the way the heart works, such as missing valves or abnormal blood flow through the heart.

⦁ Structural Abnormalities – These can include abnormal shapes in the chambers of the heart, or holes between them.

⦁ Valve Problems – These can include leaking or narrowing of valves, which can affect blood flow.

⦁ Aortic Stenosis – This occurs when there is an obstruction in the aorta, which is the main artery that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body.

⦁ Atrial Septal Defects (ASDs) – This is a hole between two chambers in the upper part of the heart.

⦁ Pulmonary Stenosis – This occurs when the pulmonary valve is too narrow, obstructing blood flow.

These conditions can be detected with fetal echocardiography, and treatment plans can be created after birth. In some cases, surgery may be necessary, while other treatments might include medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes.

It’s important to note that not all birth defects can be detected prenatally with fetal echocardiography, but this procedure can give doctors and parents peace of mind and help them prepare for any potential treatments that may be needed after birth.

How is Fetal Echocardiography Performed?
Fetal echocardiography is a prenatal ultrasound test used to assess the heart health of an unborn baby. It uses sound waves to create images of the heart, allowing doctors to check for potential heart defects.

During the procedure, a technician applies ultrasound gel to the mother’s abdomen and then uses a handheld device, called a transducer, to send and receive sound waves. The sound waves bounce off the baby’s heart and are reflected the transducer, creating images of the heart on a monitor.

This test is usually performed between 18 and 24 weeks of pregnancy and can take 30 to 60 minutes. The ultrasound technician will ask the mother to drink plenty of fluids before the test so that there is enough amniotic fluid around the baby’s heart to obtain clear images. During the procedure, the technician will take several images of the baby’s heart from various angles. He or she may also measure the size and shape of the heart chambers and evaluate how well the valves are functioning.

Fetal echocardiography can help diagnose a variety of conditions, including congenital heart defects, structural abnormalities, and rhythm disturbances.

It can also detect issues such as fetal arrhythmias, patent ductus arteriosus, and obstructive lesions in the heart. If an abnormality is detected during the procedure, further testing may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis and determine an appropriate treatment plan.

What Are The Risks Associated With Fetal Echocardiography?
Fetal echocardiography is a safe and non-invasive procedure, but there are some risks associated with it. These include a slight risk of fetal movement, as well as rare instances of bleeding and infection.

Your doctor can explain the risks and discuss any concerns you may have. Additionally, fetal echocardiography does require the use of ultrasound, which may cause mild discomfort for the expectant mother. However, the benefits of this procedure typically far outweigh the risks.

Fetal Echocardiography is an important tool for detecting heart issues in unborn babies. It allows physicians to gain insight into the baby’s heart health and detect any potential heart issues before birth. With this information, expectant parents can be better informed about their baby’s heart health before birth.

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in Heart Block

What Is Heart Block in Children? Its Risk Factors and Treatment

Heart block is a serious condition that can affect children of all ages, but it is particularly concerning in infants and young children. It occurs when the electrical signals that control the heart’s rhythm are disrupted, causing the heart to beat too slowly or erratically.

When this happens, the heart may not be able to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. In this blog post, we’ll explore what heart block is, its risk factors, and available treatments for this condition.

What is heart block in children?
Heart block in children is a condition that affects the electrical system of the heart. It occurs when the electrical signals that travel between the upper and lower chambers of the heart (known as the atria and ventricles) are disrupted. This disruption can cause the heart to beat too slowly or too fast, or even to stop beating altogether. Heart block is a serious condition that can have life-threatening consequences if it is not properly treated.

There are three types of heart block in children: First-degree, second-degree, and third-degree. First-degree heart block is the least serious and usually doesn’t require treatment. Second-degree and third-degree heart blocks are more serious and may require medical intervention.

Its risk factors
When it comes to heart block in children, it is important to understand the risk factors associated with this condition. Heart block occurs when electrical impulses that carry signals from the upper chambers of the heart to the lower chambers are blocked or slowed down. This can cause the heart to beat too slowly or irregularly.

The most common risk factors for heart block in children include congenital heart defects, such as septal defects or patent ductus arteriosus, as well as abnormal heart rhythms and certain genetic syndromes. Premature babies, especially those born before 37 weeks gestation, are also at higher risk for developing heart block. In addition, certain medical conditions such as diabetes and obesity can increase the chances of developing these conditions.

It is important to diagnose heart block early on so that treatment can be started right away. If left untreated, it can lead to serious health problems such as cardiac arrhythmia, stroke, and even death.

Fortunately, most cases of heart block can be treated successfully with medications and lifestyle changes. In some cases, surgery may be required to repair the underlying problem causing the blockage.

Its treatment
When it comes to treating heart block in children, there are a variety of options available. The treatment chosen by your doctor will depend on the type and severity of the heart block present.

The most common form of treatment is the implantation of a pacemaker. This device helps to regulate the electrical impulses within the heart and can be used to restore normal rhythm. Pacemakers can be either single-chamber or dual-chamber devices and are usually implanted directly under the skin. The placement of a pacemaker requires surgery and can be quite invasive. It is important to discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor before making a decision.

In some cases, medications may be prescribed to help treat heart block. These medications are designed to help regulate the heart rate and reduce the symptoms associated with the condition. These medications must be taken as prescribed and monitored closely by your doctor.

Surgery may also be necessary if the heart block is severe or persistent. This type of surgery is known as catheter ablation and involves using a small device inserted through the veins to destroy tissue that is causing electrical disturbances in the heart. Surgery is typically recommended for more advanced cases and carries certain risks. It is important to discuss these risks with your doctor before proceeding with any type of treatment.

Finally, lifestyle changes may also help to reduce the risk of developing heart block. Regular exercise, a healthy diet, and stress management are all important parts of managing this condition. Your doctor will be able to provide advice on how to make lifestyle changes that are beneficial for your health.

It is important to work closely with your doctor to find the right treatment plan for you or your child. With the right approach and treatment, it is possible to control heart block and reduce its symptoms.

Heart block in children is a serious condition that occurs when there is an interruption in the electrical signals passing between the upper and lower chambers of the heart. This can lead to a disruption in the normal rhythm of the heartbeat, causing the heart to beat too slowly or too quickly. While this condition is rare, it is important to understand the risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment options for heart block in children. In this blog post, we’ll discuss what heart block is in children, its associated risk factors, and the available treatment options.

in Beauty, Cardiology, Inspiration

Who should consult with a pediatric cardiologist?

The heart, which pumps blood & oxygen throughout the body, is among the most essential organs. Occasionally, congenital (existing at birth) heart disease is the result of defects that develop in when the baby is still in the womb. Sometimes, a youngster may develop an erratic pulse or cardiac problems. A pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon assists your child in maintaining a healthy heart. However, hearing that your kid needs to visit a cardiologist can be alarming. Here you will know when you need to consult a pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon.

How do children often describe cardiac disorders or abnormalities? 
Younger children may not be able to articulate their emotions as precisely as adults. If they are old enough to speak (preschools or primary school age), they commonly state their heart is “beeping” when it is beating quickly or skipping beats. However, they can absolutely express chest discomfort and suffering.

In contrast, older children and teenagers can frequently express symptoms similar to adults, such as feeling dizzy and experiencing heart palpitations or chest pains.

Parents should also watch for differences in a child’s behaviour or performance, regardless of the language he uses to explain his complaints. Is he more fatigued or less capable of keeping up than he was in the past or compared to other children? Does he experience episodes of fainting? Does he exhibit the pallor associated with being cold or moist? In addition to a reduction in general activity, has he also had weight loss or a persistent fever?

Why should your child see a pediatric cardiologist?
At the 20-week stage of pregnancy, a cardiac test is performed to ensure that the heart’s major structures have formed correctly. If the clinician observes anything out of the ordinary, the patient is referred to the best pediatric cardiologist Gurgaon.

Other children have small heart development problems that are discovered as they age. Following is a list of common ailments that may prompt you to visit Dr. Manvinder, one of the best pediatric cardiologists in Gurgaon.

1. Heart Murmurs
When you listen to a child’s heart, the “lub-dub” sound is the result of blood-pumping chamber valves opening & closing. A cardiac murmur is an added sound to these two valve noises. It is due to a rapid blood flow.

In the majority of situations, a rapid blood flow is anticipated. Therefore, the heart murmur is “harmless” and does not necessitate intervention. However, certain aberrant heart sounds to signal a structural heart abnormality and may necessitate additional cardiologist intervention.

A constant check-up of your child by a doctor is required in order to identify whether the turbulent blood flow is normal or pathological and whether intervention by a cardiologist is necessary.

2. Pains in the Chest and Shivers
The majority of parents are concerned that their child’s heart is the source of the problem whenever the child experiences palpitations and also complains of chest pains. Nevertheless, these are very typical during a child’s early years. The majority of cases of chest pain are caused by the straining of chest muscles and the irritation of the bone in the chest. The majority of the time, palpitations are caused by a child’s heartbeat that is significantly faster than the average child’s heartbeat or by some uncommon heartbeats from the lower chambers.

However, just because they do not constitute a significant threat to the child’s health, it does not indicate that the symptoms should be disregarded. You should make sure that you check into the top pediatric cardiology in Gurgaon in order to decide whether or not your child needs the services of a cardiologist and to have tests such as an ECG.

3. Syncope
It is the medical word for losing consciousness. It’s essential to get your child’s heart checked out after any passing-out incident, even though not every child who blacks out has a heart condition. Your paediatrician will need information regarding the fainting episode, including where & when it occurred, whether or not the patient had eaten all day, whether or not there is an underlying illness, and whether or not the patient felt sick before they fainted.

The majority of patients who faint are given a prescription for an electrocardiogram. Care from a pediatric cardiologist is required in the event that there is a history of fainting in the family. It is possible that you will need to contact a pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon as well if your child experiences chest pains or palpitations while passing out or if they often pass out while engaging in strenuous exercise.

If you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above in your kid, you should immediately search for the best pediatric cardiologist with the keywords ‘Pediatric cardiologists near me’. Pediatric cardiologists have received significant education and are very skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of children who are experiencing issues with their hearts. If your child’s paediatrician suggests that you should see a pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon, you should be confident that your kid will receive the highest level of ostensibly appropriate medical treatment.

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October 17, 2022
in Cardiology, Inspiration

How Paediatric Cardiologists Treat Congenital Heart Defects?

Pediatric cardiologists are specialist Pediatricians who diagnose and treat heart problems in children. A pediatric cardiologist treats children both with acquired and congenital heart problems. Like other Pediatricians, a pediatric cardiologist treats children until they become 18 years of age. 

What are congenital heart diseases?
When babies are born with heart defects, those are congenital heart defects. These defects may range from simple to complex ones. The child may have a hole in the heart, which leads to the mixing of oxygenated and de-oxygenated blood. A child may be born with faulty heart valves. Due to defective heart valves, the blood supply to the body’s different parts may be disrupted. A child may also have problems with the blood vessels of the heart, which is a complex defect. Most babies may not have symptoms of congenital heart problems. To identify heart defects in children, qualified pediatric cardiologists perform many tests. 

Tests for diagnosing congenital heart diseases
Pediatric cardiologists may suggest one or more tests discussed below to diagnose if the child has congenital heart disease. 

Chest X-ray: A chest X-ray shows a child’s condition of the lungs and heart. With an X-ray, the doctor can diagnose if the child has an enlarged heart or the lungs are filled with fluid. 

ECG: Electrocardiogram or ECG is a non-invasive test that can record the electrical activity of the heart. Doctors use this test to diagnose if the child’s heart has an irregular rhythm. This condition is called arrhythmias. 

Echocardiogram: Echocardiogram test uses sound waves and forms the heart’s image when it is in motion. With this test, doctors are able to diagnose if there is any abnormality in the movements of blood through the heart. 

Pulse oximetry: In this test, the sensor placed on the fingertips of the child finds out the oxygen saturation in the blood. If oxygen saturation is low, it could be a symptom of a heart problem. 

Cardiac catheterization: Paediatric cardiologists suggest this test to get detailed information about blood flow in the heart. This process is also used as a treatment for specific heart problems. 

Heart MRI: With the help of Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the heart, 3-D images of the heart are obtained. This helps the doctors get the correct measurements of the child’s heart chambers and find out if there is any problem.  

Treatment of congenital heart defects

A child may be born with one or many congenital diseases. The course of treatment depends on the type of heart disease. The different ways of treating congenital heart diseases in children are:

Medication: Paediatric cardiologists may prescribe medicines to treat heart diseases in children. 

Heart Surgery: surgery may be the only solution for treating congenital heart defects in some children. Qualified pediatric heart surgeons perform these surgeries. Some children may need one or many surgeries over a few months or years. Some children have to undergo heart surgery immediately after birth, while others may require surgery later in their childhood. 

Cardiac catheterization: Some children are born with holes in their hearts. With the help of cardiac catheterization, these holes are closed by inserting balloons. 

Ablation: Some children are born with the problem of abnormal heart rhythms. They are treated by inserting small tubes inside their heart. Sometimes, a small portion of the heart causing the problem is destroyed by freezing that portion or using radiofrequency energy. 

Heart transplant: In some children, a heart transplant is the only solution to treat heart problems. 

Symptoms of congenital heart defects
Minor congenital heart defects may not show signs or symptoms during early childhood. But, with age, children may have these signs and symptoms if born with heart defects. 

  • Children have shortness of breath faster during any activity or exercise than other children of the same age.
  • Gets tired more quickly during any activity or exercise
  • Faints while exercising or doing any activity
  • Swelling in feet, hands, and ankles

The symptoms of severe congenital heart diseases in children are:

  • Blue or pale grey fingernails, tongue, or lips
  • Fast breathing
  • Swelling of the stomach, legs, and areas surrounding the eyes
  • Poor weight gain in infants due to shortness of breath while feeding        

The risk factors of congenital heart diseases
The exact causes of congenital heart disease are not known. But, some of the risk factors for congenital heart defects are:

  • Diabetes: If the mother has controlled blood sugar levels during and before pregnancy, it reduces the risks of congenital heart diseases. 
  • Medications: Certain medicines given to the would-be-mother may increase the chances of congenital in the child. 
  • German measles or Rubella: If the would-be mother suffers from rubella during pregnancy, it increases the chances of congenital heart disease in the child. Would-be mothers can be given the rubella vaccine if it is found that they are not immune to rubella. 

In the world of advanced technology, we have various techniques to diagnose congenital heart defects at an early stage and treat them accordingly. So, if you find any symptoms related to heart disease, consider visiting Dr Manvinder, one of the best pediatric cardiologists in Gurgaon.

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