in Congenital Heart Disease

The Signs and Prevention of Congenital Heart Defects

A healthy baby is what every parent wishes for when they find out they are pregnant. However, some babies are born with health disorders known as congenital diseases in medical terms. A Congenital Heart Defect means a baby is born with a heart that does not function as a normal heart would. Although there is no specific reason for such a health condition in new-born babies, these can cause severe health problems in the future if not treated well. Some congenital heart defects can be left untreated as they might not pose any risk, but some need proper treatment as soon as they are diagnosed. Therefore, as soon as a child shows the signs of a heart problem, the child should immediately be taken to a heart specialist like Dr Manvinder Singh Sachdev, the best pediatric cardiologist in Gurgaon.

The Reasons Behind Congenital Heart Diseases in Children

There are many reasons for an unborn baby to develop a heart defect while inside its mother’s womb. The medical description of the reasons is too long and detailed to discuss. Therefore, here is a summary of the causes of developing a congenital heart defect-

  • The presence of a hole in the walls of the heart chambers.
  • The malformation of the heart valves where the problem lies in the opening and closing of the valves.
  • Some babies are even born with multiple heart defects, which results in a dysfunctional cardiovascular system.

Only a good cardiologist in Gurgaon can detect other congenital heart defects like pulmonary atresia, tricuspid atresia, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, etc.

Reasons for Congenital Heart Defects in Children

When an adult develops a heart problem, the reasons include smoking, drinking, bad food habits, various health factors like cholesterol, and lack of exercise. However, in congenital heart defects, the reason mostly is an abnormal formation and functionality of the heart, which can develop without any reason. The best cardiologist in Gurgaon can guide you on this. However, here are some reasons that can trigger a congenital heart problem-

· Genetics- Many congenital heart defects run in the family. Genetics is one of the reasons why your baby might have a malfunctioning heart.

· Diabetes- If the mother has uncontrolled blood sugar during or before the pregnancy, the baby has a high chance of congenital heart defects.

· Medications- Certain medications increase the chances of congenital heart defects or diseases in the baby. You should discuss your medications with a doctor before you conceive.

· Rubella- If you have Rubella during your pregnancy, that may affect your baby’s heart development.

· Consumption of Alcohol or smoking during pregnancy- Drinking alcohol and smoking tobacco during your pregnancy can result in many health complications in the baby, including a congenital heart defect.

If you are searching for a good pediatric cardiologist in India, Dr Manvinder is your ideal choice.

Signs of a Congenital Heart Defect in Children

Many signs of a congenital heart defect go unnoticed as the symptoms are mild and insignificant. However, severe heart problems show prominent signs, such as-

  • Unusually heavy breathing. When a child is seen breathing heavily or rapidly, you must take them for a check-up or diagnosis.
  • Cyanosis or bluing of nails, tongue, or lips
  • Panting during feeding resulting in weight loss
  • Swelled legs, abdomen, or puffiness around the eyes

Congenital heart defects are sometimes difficult to detect unless the child grows a little older. The signs of a congenital heart defect in older children are-

  • Breathlessness while working out or other heavy physical activities.
  • Easily getting exhausted during physical exercises and activities.
  • Losing consciousness while exercising or performing physical activities or heavy exercises.
  • Hands or feet getting swelled without reason.

If your child shows any of these symptoms, you must consult an expert cardiologist in Gurgaon if you live nearby.

Treatment of Congenital Heart Defects in Children

As a child is brought to a pediatric cardiologist having shown one or more of the signs mentioned earlier, doctors conduct several tests like MRI, Echocardiogram, Electrocardiogram, Chest X-ray, etc. After that, depending on the reports, doctors decide on the ideal treatment the child needs. The treatments include-

1. Balloon Valvuloplasty – It is a treatment that is suggested in cases of aortic valve stenosis. The treatment depends on how narrow the aortic valve is.

2. Surgical Procedure – If your child develops a coarctation of the aorta, the child may undergo surgery to reinstate the blood flow through the aorta within the first few days of birth. Surgery is also recommended in conditions like Tetralogy of Fallot.

3. Medicinal Support– Some congenital heart defect like Ebstein’s anomaly or Patent ductus arteriosus needs only medicinal help to be treated. Dr Manvinder is a veteran pediatric cardiologist you can consult to discuss the treatments and procedures.

Most congenital heart defect problems are so mild that they don’t need to be treated or can be treated with medicines. However, some severe heart issues in babies and children need to be addressed and might require surgical support. An annual health checkup is important. It can be more frequent in cases of babies.

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All You Need to Know About Fetal Echocardiography

Fetal echocardiography is an ultrasound test that evaluates the health of a baby’s heart while in the womb. It can provide insight into potential structural and functional problems with the fetal heart before birth, allowing for early diagnosis and treatment. This post will provide a comprehensive overview of fetal echocardiography and its conditions and treatments, so that expectant parents can understand the importance of this test and how it can benefit their baby’s health.

What is Fetal Echocardiography?
Fetal echocardiography is an ultrasound scan of a baby’s heart before birth. This type of ultrasound gives a detailed picture of the baby’s heart structure and functioning. It helps doctors diagnose any potential defects or conditions that may need to be addressed before, during, or after delivery.

Fetal echocardiography can identify abnormalities in the heart’s size, structure, or functioning, as well as help, diagnose and treat heart problems before birth. The results of fetal echocardiography can be used to plan for labor and delivery and to provide prenatal care and treatment.

What Conditions Are Treated With Fetal Echocardiography?
Fetal echocardiography is a non-invasive procedure used to evaluate the heart of an unborn baby. It is used to detect any congenital heart defects or structural problems with the fetal heart. The goal of the procedure is to diagnose any potential issues before birth so that they can be treated and managed after birth.

The most common conditions treated with fetal echocardiography are:
⦁ Congenital Heart Defects – These can include problems with the way the heart works, such as missing valves or abnormal blood flow through the heart.

⦁ Structural Abnormalities – These can include abnormal shapes in the chambers of the heart, or holes between them.

⦁ Valve Problems – These can include leaking or narrowing of valves, which can affect blood flow.

⦁ Aortic Stenosis – This occurs when there is an obstruction in the aorta, which is the main artery that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body.

⦁ Atrial Septal Defects (ASDs) – This is a hole between two chambers in the upper part of the heart.

⦁ Pulmonary Stenosis – This occurs when the pulmonary valve is too narrow, obstructing blood flow.

These conditions can be detected with fetal echocardiography, and treatment plans can be created after birth. In some cases, surgery may be necessary, while other treatments might include medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes.

It’s important to note that not all birth defects can be detected prenatally with fetal echocardiography, but this procedure can give doctors and parents peace of mind and help them prepare for any potential treatments that may be needed after birth.

How is Fetal Echocardiography Performed?
Fetal echocardiography is a prenatal ultrasound test used to assess the heart health of an unborn baby. It uses sound waves to create images of the heart, allowing doctors to check for potential heart defects.

During the procedure, a technician applies ultrasound gel to the mother’s abdomen and then uses a handheld device, called a transducer, to send and receive sound waves. The sound waves bounce off the baby’s heart and are reflected the transducer, creating images of the heart on a monitor.

This test is usually performed between 18 and 24 weeks of pregnancy and can take 30 to 60 minutes. The ultrasound technician will ask the mother to drink plenty of fluids before the test so that there is enough amniotic fluid around the baby’s heart to obtain clear images. During the procedure, the technician will take several images of the baby’s heart from various angles. He or she may also measure the size and shape of the heart chambers and evaluate how well the valves are functioning.

Fetal echocardiography can help diagnose a variety of conditions, including congenital heart defects, structural abnormalities, and rhythm disturbances.

It can also detect issues such as fetal arrhythmias, patent ductus arteriosus, and obstructive lesions in the heart. If an abnormality is detected during the procedure, further testing may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis and determine an appropriate treatment plan.

What Are The Risks Associated With Fetal Echocardiography?
Fetal echocardiography is a safe and non-invasive procedure, but there are some risks associated with it. These include a slight risk of fetal movement, as well as rare instances of bleeding and infection.

Your doctor can explain the risks and discuss any concerns you may have. Additionally, fetal echocardiography does require the use of ultrasound, which may cause mild discomfort for the expectant mother. However, the benefits of this procedure typically far outweigh the risks.

Fetal Echocardiography is an important tool for detecting heart issues in unborn babies. It allows physicians to gain insight into the baby’s heart health and detect any potential heart issues before birth. With this information, expectant parents can be better informed about their baby’s heart health before birth.

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